The effect of MBS on the heat resistant, mechanical properties, thermal behavior and rheological properties of PLA/EVOH blend
- 116 Downloads
This work focuses on improve the mechanical properties of poly(lactic acid)/poly(ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol) (PLA/EVOH) blend and simultaneously remained a high Vicat softening temperature (VST) using appropriate contents of methyl methacrylate–butadiene–styrene copolymer (MBS) via simple melt blending. The effects of MBS on the heat resistant, mechanical properties, thermal properties and rheological behavior were examined in detail with various techniques. The VST of neat PLA significantly increased to 159 °C from 66.8 °C after blending with 50 wt% EVOH. However, the VST was gradually decreased with increasing MBS content but were still much higher than that of neat PLA. On the basis of the tensile and impact tests results, PLA/EVOH/MBS blends showed a considerably higher elongation at break and impact strength. For all PLA/EVOH/MBS blends, the thermal stability was increased compared than that of PLA/EVOH blend without MBS. With increasing MBS content, the complex viscosity and storage modulus of PLA/EVOH blend increased, especially at low frequencies, indicating that MBS enhanced the chain entanglement in the PLA/EVOH matrix. In addition, the results Han curves and Cole–Cole plots indicated that the relaxation time was increased when MBS was added.
KeywordsPoly(lactic acid) Heat resistant Mechanical properties Thermal behavior Rheological properties
This work was supported by the fund of Science and Technology Bureau of Jilin Province of China (No. 20170204012SF), Chinese Science Academy (Changchun Branch) (No. 2017SYHZ0018 and No. 2017SYHZ0016), and the project National of Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFC0501402).
- 4.Anderson KS, Hillmyer MA (2004) The influence of block copolymer microstructure on the toughness of compatibilized polylactide/polyethylene blends. Polymer 45:809–8823Google Scholar
- 11.Meng QK, Hetzer M, Kee DD (2011) J Compos Mater PLA/clay/wood nanocomposites: nanoclay effects on mechanical and thermal properties 45:1145–1158Google Scholar
- 29.Willoughby BG (2016) The Cole–Cole plot for cure: The cure and reversion of natural rubber. J Appl Polym Sci 133:44085-1–44085-9Google Scholar
- 36.Kim HK, Rana D, Kwag H, Choe S (2001) Melt rheology of ethylene 1-octene copolymer blends synthesized by Ziegler-Natta and metallocene catalysts. Korea Polym J 8:34–43Google Scholar