Journal of Polymer Research

, 21:554 | Cite as

The effects of new aminosilane compounds as external donors on propylene polymerization

  • Hefei Chang
  • Huayi LiEmail author
  • Tao Zheng
  • Qian Zhou
  • Liaoyun ZhangEmail author
  • Youliang Hu
Original Paper


The new aminosilane compounds including Dimorpholindimethoxysilane (Donor-Pm), Di (1-methylpiperazine) dimethoxysilane (Donor-Pz) and Di (isopropylpiperazine) dimethoxysilane (Donor-Pi) were firstly synthesized and then employed as external donors for propylene polymerization with MgCl2-supported Ziegler-Natta catalyst, compared with dipiperidine dimethoxysilane (Donor-Py). The effects of the aminosilane external donors on the catalytic activity, hydrogen response, and molecular weight distribution, crystalline ability, thermal property, isotactic sequence length, isotactic sequence distribution of polypropylene were studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), gel permeation chromatography (GPC), and self-nucleation and annealing (SSA), respectively. It was found that these new aminosilane compounds were conducive to improving the isotacticity of polypropylene and the catalytic activity. The GPC results showed that the molecular weight distribution of polypropylene prepared respectively by Donor-Pz or Donor-Pi with two N atoms on each amino substituent group was broader more than 8.0, especially for Donor-Pi with the large alkyl-substituted group on each nitrogen atom, the molecular weight distribution of polypropylene was about 11.2, which was much broader than that of industrial polypropylene about 4 ~ 5. The DSC results indicated that the degrees of crystallinity of polypropylene prepared by the aminosilane external donors were higher, and the crystallization ability of polypropylene prepared by Donor-Pi was lower but closed to that of polypropylene prepared by Donor-Py. The SSA results indicated Donor-Py and Donor-Pi were conducive to improving the relative contents of the highest isotactic component of polypropylene, and the lamellae thicknesses results showed the sequence length of polypropylene prepared by Donor-Py and Donor-Pi were longer, and the isotactic sequence distribution of polypropylene prepared by Donor-Py and Donor-Pi were broader. The study results showed that the new aminosilane donor Donor-Pi was conducive to improving the stereo-regularity of polypropylene, especially revealing that it was a simple and an effective method to synthesize broad molecular weight distribution of polypropylene by using appropriate aminosilane external donor for propylene polymerization.


Polypropylene Aminosilane external donor Molecular weight distribution Successive self-nucleation and annealing Isotactic sequence length 



The authors express thanks for the supports of the National Science Foundation of China (No. 51073170).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, CAS Key Laboratory of Engineering PlasticsInstitute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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