Skip to main content

Effects of various polymer brushes on the crystallization of poly(ethylene glycol) in poly(ethylene glycol)-b-polystyrene and poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(methyl methacrylate) single crystals

Abstract

The effects of PS and PMMA brushes on the crystallization of PEG in poly(ethylene glycol)-block-polystyrene (PEG-b-PS) and poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(methyl methacrylate) (PEG-b-PMMA) single crystals that have the same crystalline block molecular weight but different amorphous block molecular weights were investigated. The quality of the solvent (amyl acetate) employed and the interaction of the single-crystal substrate with the brush were found to influence the conformations of the PS and PMMA brushes, leading to more extended and packed pancake conformations, respectively. For PS and PMMA brushes with similar features, the conformation of the PMMA brushes led to a higher osmotic pressure on the substrate, so the substrate thickness was found to be significantly less than that seen when PS brushes were used. Even when the molecular weight of PMMA (M n = 8,700 g/mol) is considerably lower than that of PS (M n = 14,800 g/mol), the substrate in the presence of PMMA is thinner than that in the presence of PS (3.65 vs. 4.14 nm). Moreover, because there is less entropic repulsion between PS brushes than between PMMA brushes, the thickening of the substrate chains beneath them was more conspicuous when the crystallization temperature was increased.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  1. Chen WY, Li CY, Zheng JX, Huang P, Zhu L, Ge Q, Quirk RP, Lotz B, Deng L, Wu C, Thomas EL, Cheng SZD (2004) Macromolecules 37:5292

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Keller A (1957) Philos Mag 2:1171

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Lotz B, Kovacs AJ (1966) Kolloid Z Z Polym 209(2):97

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Frank FC, Tosi M (1961) Proc R Soc A263:323

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Hoffman JD, Lauritzen JI (1961) J Res Natl Bur Stand 65A:297

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Hoffman JD, Davis GT, Lauritzen JI (1976) In: Hannay NB (ed) Treatise in solid state chemistry. Plenum, New York

  7. Hoffman JD, Miller RL (1997) Polymer 38:3151

  8. Armitstead K, Goldbeck-Wood G (1992) Adv Polym Sci 100:221

  9. Cheng SZD, Lotz B (2003) Phil Trans R Soc Lond A 361:517

  10. Wunderlich B (1980) Macromolecular physics. Academic, New York

  11. Lauritzen JI, Hoffman JD (1960) J Res Natl Bur Stand 64A:73

  12. Zheng JX, Xiong H, Chen WY, Lee K, Van Horn RM, Quirk RP, Lotz B, Thomas EL, Shi A-C, Cheng SZD (2006) Macromolecules 39:641

  13. Lotz B, Kovacs AJ, Bassett GA, Keller A (1966) Kolloid Z Z Polym 209:115

  14. Chen WY, Zheng JX, Cheng SZD, Li CY, Huang P, Zhu L, Xiong H, Ge Q, Guo Y, Quirk RP, Lotz B, Deng L, Wu C, Thomas EL (2004) Phys Rev Lett 93:028301

  15. Abbaspoor S, Abbasi F, Agbolaghi S (2014) RSC Adv 4:17071

  16. Agbolaghi S, Abbasi F, Abbaspoor S (2014) Colloid Polym Sci. doi:10.1007/s00396-014-3197-9

  17. BaltáCalleja FJ, Hay IL, Keller A (1964) J Polym Sci A2:2171

  18. BaltáCalleja FJ, Hay IL, Keller A (1966) Colloid Z Z Polym Sci 209:128

  19. Chen J, Cheng SZD, Wu SS, Lotz B, Wittmann J-C (1995) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 33:1851

  20. Chen Y (2005) PhD Dissertation, University of Akron

  21. Van Horn RM (2009) Dissertation, University of Akron

  22. Agbolaghi S, Abbasi F, Jalili K (2014) J Polym Res 21:1

  23. Taunton HJ, Toprakcioglu C, Fetters LJ, Klein J (1988) Nature (London) 332:712

  24. Granick S, Herz J (1985) Macromolecules 18:460

  25. Kent MS, Lee LT, Farnoux B, Rondelez F (1992) Macromolecules 25:6240

  26. Bhushan B, Israelachvili JN, Landman U (1995) Nature (London) 374:607

  27. Milner ST (1991) Science 251:905

  28. Phahm TT, Bajaj M, Prakash JR (2008) J Soft Matter 4:1196

  29. Boog U, Tianbao H, Meyerhoffmey G (1987) J Eur Polym 23:781

  30. Brandup J, Immergut EH (1975) Polymer handbook. Wiley, New York

  31. Wunderlich B (1973) Macromolecular physics vol. 1: crystal structure, morphology, defects. Academic, New York

  32. Richardson PH, Richard RW, Blundell DJ, MacDonald WA, Mills P (1995) Polymer 36:3059

  33. Cheng SZD, Keller AA (1998) Rev Mater Sci 28:533

  34. Keller A, Cheng SZD (1998) Polymer 39:4461

  35. Geil PH, Anderson FR, Wunderlich B, Arakawa T (1964) J Polym Sci A 2(2):3707

  36. Wunderlich B, Davidson T (1969) J Polym Sci A 7:2043

  37. Prime RB, Wunderlich B (1969) J Polym Sci A 2(7):2061

  38. Prime RB, Wunderlich B (1969) J Polym Sci A 2(7):2073

  39. Prime RB, Wunderlich B, Melillo L (1969) J Polym Sci A 2(7):2091

  40. Wunderlich B, Melillo L (1968) Makromol Chem 118:250

  41. Bassett DC, Khalifa BA, Turner B (1972) Nature Phys Sci 240:106

  42. Bassett DC, Khalifa BA, Turner B (1972) Nature Phys Sci 240:146

  43. Melillo L, Wunderlich B (1972) Kolloid Z Z Polym 250:417

  44. Pennings AJ, Pijipers MFJ (1970) Macromolecules 3:261

  45. Li L, Zhang L, Huang R, Fan W, Hong S, Wang G, Zhong Y (2000) J Polym Sic Part B Polym Phys 38:1612

  46. Wunderlich B (1976) Macromolecular physics, vol. 2: crystal nucleation, growth, annealing. Academic, New York

  47. DiMarzio EA, Guttman CM, Hoffman JD (1980) Macromolecules 13:1194

  48. Cauda V, Argyo CH, Bein TH (2010) J Mater Chem 20:8693

  49. Hamie H (2010) PhD dissertation. University of Haute Alsace, Mulhouse/Colmar

Download references

Acknowledgments

We would like to express our sincere gratitude to Morteza Nasiri for his sympathetic help.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to F. Abbasi.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

ESM 1

(DOC 35 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Abbaspoor, S., Abbasi, F. & Agbolaghi, S. Effects of various polymer brushes on the crystallization of poly(ethylene glycol) in poly(ethylene glycol)-b-polystyrene and poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(methyl methacrylate) single crystals. J Polym Res 21, 493 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10965-014-0493-5

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10965-014-0493-5

Keywords

  • PEG-b-PS
  • PEG-b-PMMA
  • Single crystal
  • Conformation
  • Substrate thickness