Surface properties and aggregation behaviors of amphiphilic highly-branched block polyethers in aqueous solution

Abstract

A series of new highly-branched block polyethers, PA-PO-EO, were synthesized via anion ring-opening polymerization of propylene oxide (PO) and ethylene oxide (EO), using phenol-amine resin (PA) as the initiator. The molecular structures were confirmed by end group analysis, FT-IR and 1H NMR. The surface properties and self-assembly behaviors in aqueous solution were investigated by surface tension, fluorescence spectroscopy, UV–vis spectra and TEM. The results indicated that the CMC of polyethers aqueous solution presented a wide range, and the scope of CMC corresponded to the content of EO. Moreover, the proportion of PA had a great effect on the properties of the whole polymer molecules, and the number of blocks was a critical factor to the process of self-assembly. A corresponding critical size of the spherical micelles formed by different samples was presented from TEM photographs. Accordingly, the possible self-assembly mechanisms were put forward to explain the formation of all kinds of aggregates. In a word, the PA and PPO blocks aggregated to form a relatively hydrophobic core, which was stabilized by a hydrophilic PEO corona.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Scheme 1
Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11

References

  1. 1.

    Yang C, Wang Y, Duan C, Li MG, Jiang JZ, Wang ZH (2012) Guangzhou Chem Ind 40:69–72

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Ishizu K, Takahashi D, Takeda (2000) Polymer 41:6081–6086

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Kainthan RK, Janzen J, Levin E, Devine DV, Brooks DE (2006) Biomacromolecules 7:703–709

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Frey H, Wilms D, Stiriba S (2010) Acc Chem Res 43:129–141

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Pan CY, Hong CY, You YZ, Wu DC, Liu Y (2005) Macromolecules 38:2606–2611

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Yan HX, Zhang ZJ, Guan XH, Liu C (2012) Materials Review 26:144–148

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Liu TL, Xu GY, Zhang J, Zhang HH, Pang JY (2013) Colloid Polym Sci 291:691–698

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Wei XZ, Yang J, Zhang GL (2011) Adv Funct Mater 42:202–207

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Xing YJ, Dai JJ, Du YY (2011) Doctoral dissertation of Dong Hua University. Shanghai , China

  10. 10.

    Burkinshaw SM, Mignanelli M, Froehling PE, Bide MJ (2000) Dyes Pigments 47:259–267

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Hult A, Fogelstrzöm L, Malmström E, Johansson M (2010) ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2:1679–1684

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Irfan M, Seiler M (2010) Ind Eng Chem Res 49:1169–1196

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Yoshida E (2013) Colloid Polym Sci 4:993–1000

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Zhang K, Zhang WL, Choi HJ (2013) Colloid Polym Sci 4:955–962

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Liu R, Li ZY, Mai BY, Wu Q, Liang GD, Gao HY, Zhu FM (2013) J Polym Res 20:64

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Wu QH, Liang F, Wei TZ, Song XM, Liu DL, Zhang GL (2010) J Polym Res 17:183–190

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Bagheri M, Motirasoul F (2013) J Polym Res 20:59

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Miao Q, Jin Y, Dong Y, Cao ZF, Zhang B (2010) J Polym Res 17:911–921

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Jing XB, Guo Z, Li Y, Tian H, Zhuang XS, Chen XS (2009) Langmuir 25:9690–9696

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Yin J, Yu B, Jiang XS, Wang R (2010) Macromolecules 43:10457–10465

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Zhao HY, Lian XM, Wu DX, Song XH (2010) Macromolecules 43:7434–7445

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Cheng HX, Sun XY, Li KP, Yan DY, Zhou YF (2010) Macromolecules 43:1143–1147

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Marsat JN, Heydenreich M, Kleinpeter E, Berlepsch H, Böttcher C, Laschewsky A (2011) Macromolecules 44:2092–2105

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Gillies ER, Jonsson TB, Fréchet JMJ (2004) J Am Chem Soc 126:11936–11943

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Zhang ZQ, Wang F (2008) J Dispersion Sci Technol 29:1092–1097

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Mou JX, Chen J, Zhang CL, Wang LF, Jiang ZH (2005) J Jilin Univ (Sci Ed) 43:662–665

    Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Lin Q, Long TE (2003) Macromolecules 36:9809–9816

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    Tsukruk VV, Petrash S, Gunawidjaja R (2006) Macromolecules 39:4756–4766

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    Morikawa M, Kim K, Kinoshita H, Yasui K, Kasai Y, Kimizuka N (2010) Macromolecules 43:8971–8976

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    Wang J, Qu HJ, Li CQ, Hu FL, Yang Y (2009) J Mol Sci 25:327–331

    Google Scholar 

  31. 31.

    Yan DY, Zhou YF, Mai YY (2005) Macromolecules 38:8679–8686

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. 32.

    Mackay ME, Carmezini G (2001) Langmuir 17:1708–1712

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  33. 33.

    Peleshanko S, Gunawidjaja R, Petrash S, Tsukruk VV (2006) Macromolecules 39:4756–4766

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  34. 34.

    Liu G, Dong CM (2012) Biomacromolecules 13:1573–1583

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  35. 35.

    Patti A (2010) Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Aspects 361:81–89

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  36. 36.

    Wang JJ, Zhang LM, Wang HY, Wu CZ (2011) J Phys Chem B 115:4955–4962

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  37. 37.

    Stam JV, Depaemelaere S, De Schryver FC (1998) J Chem Educ 75:93–98

    Article  Google Scholar 

  38. 38.

    Wattebled L, Laschewsky A, Moussa A, Habib-Jiwan JL (2006) Langmuir 22:2551–2557

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  39. 39.

    Hong HY, Mai YY, Zhou YF, Yan DY, Cui J (2007) Macromol Rapid Commun 28:591–596

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  40. 40.

    Liu HL, Wang D, Yang XL (2012) Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Aspects 397:48–58

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  41. 41.

    Xu LF, Zhang ZQ, Wang F (2012) J Colloid Interface Sci 393:174–181

    Google Scholar 

  42. 42.

    Zhang LF, Eisenberg A (1995) Science 268:1728–1731

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  43. 43.

    Zhou YF, Yan DY (2004) Angew Chem Int Ed 43:4896–4899

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  44. 44.

    Wang YL, Li B, Zhou YF, Lu ZY, Yan DY (2013) Soft Matter 9:3293–3304

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC, No. 51103179) and the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province, China (Grant No. ZR2011BL017) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (09CX02008A, 12CX02015A, 14CX02007A) and the scholarship of China Scholarship Council (CSC 201206455009).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Zhiqing Zhang.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Yang, S., Zhang, Z., Wang, F. et al. Surface properties and aggregation behaviors of amphiphilic highly-branched block polyethers in aqueous solution. J Polym Res 20, 205 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10965-013-0205-6

Download citation

Keywords

  • Amphiphilic
  • Highly-branched polyether
  • Block copolymer
  • Self-assembly
  • Micelle