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Parenting Behaviors and Family Conflict as Predictors of Adolescent Sleep and Bedtime Media Use

Abstract

Inadequate sleep in adolescents has been linked to an increase in screen-based media use, especially at bedtime. Parents can play a critical role in regulating adolescent media use and promoting healthy sleep, yet few studies have evaluated parental effects on these outcomes. This study examined the effects of general and media-specific parenting behaviors and family conflict on adolescent sleep outcomes, both directly and indirectly through bedtime media use. Data were collected from 345 middle-schoolers (Mage = 12.65 ± 0.67 years; 47% female; 59% White) at two time points, six months apart. The findings revealed that parental involvement had a significant positive effect on sleep duration that was mediated by bedtime media use. Family conflict had a direct positive effect on daytime sleepiness. Adolescent sleep interventions could benefit from a parenting component focused on positive involvement and fostering a family climate conducive to sleep.

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Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

H.L. conceived the research questions, conducted the data analysis, interpreted results, and helped author all sections of the manuscript; A.K. provided leadership on the overarching study, conceived the research questions, provided feedback on data analysis and results interpretation, and provided inputs on all sections of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Data Sharing and Declaration

The datasets generated and/or analyzed during the current study are not publicly available but are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Heather Leonard.

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Conflict of Interest

The authors declare no competing interests.

Ethical Approval

This study was performed in line with the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki. Approval was granted by the Institutional Review Board of University of Oregon and the school district review board.

Informed Consent

Parental consent and youth assent were obtained in accordance with the protocol that was approved by the Institutional Review Board. Youth were reimbursed for their participation.

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Leonard, H., Khurana, A. Parenting Behaviors and Family Conflict as Predictors of Adolescent Sleep and Bedtime Media Use. J Youth Adolescence 51, 1611–1621 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-022-01614-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-022-01614-4

Keywords

  • Adolescent sleep
  • Bedtime media use
  • Parenting behaviors
  • Family conflict
  • Restrictive mediation
  • Sleep