BodiMojo: Efficacy of a Mobile-Based Intervention in Improving Body Image and Self-Compassion among Adolescents
- 438 Downloads
Mobile interventions promoting positive body image are lacking. This study presents a randomized controlled evaluation of BodiMojo, a mobile application (app) intervention grounded in self-compassion to promote positive body image. A sample of 274 adolescents, mean (SD) age = 18.36 (1.34) years, 74% female, were allocated to a control group or used BodiMojo for 6 weeks. Appearance esteem, body image flexibility, appearance comparison, mood, and self-compassion were assessed at baseline, 6, and 12 weeks. Significant time by group interactions emerged for appearance esteem and self-compassion, with appearance esteem and self-compassion increasing in the intervention relative to the control group. These findings provide preliminary support for BodiMojo, a cost-effective mobile app for positive body image.
KeywordsBody image Prevention Self-compassion Mobile technology Adolescents
R.R., D.F., E.L., and T.C. conceived of the study, participated in its design and coordination and drafted the manuscript; K.M. participated in the design and interpretation of the data; K.Y. participated in the design and coordination of the study, as well as the assessment management; E.C. participated in the design and coordination of the study; E.C., A.L. and R.R. performed the statistical analysis; and E.C. and A.L. helped to draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
This study was funded by Grant R44 DK085748-02 through the National Institute of Health.
Data Sharing Declaration
This manuscript’s data will not be deposited.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- Butryn, M. L., Juarascio, A., Shaw, J., Kerrigan, S. G., Clark, V., O’Planick, A., et al. (2013). Mindfulness and its relationship with eating disorders symptomatology in women receiving residential treatment. Eating Behaviors, 14(1), 13–16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2012.10.005.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Donovan, E., Rodgers, R. F., Cousineau, T. M., McGowan, K. M., Luk, S., Yates, K., et al. (2016). Brief report: feasibility of a mindfulness and self-compassion based mobile intervention for adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 53, 217–221. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2016.09.009.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Ebesutani, C., Regan, J., Smith, A., Reise, S., Higa-McMillan, C., & Chorpita, B. F. (2012). The 10-item positive and negative affect schedule for children, child and parent shortened versions: application of item response theory for more efficient assessment. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 34(2), 191–203. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-011-9273-2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kauer, S. D., Reid, S. C., Crooke, A. H. D., Khor, A., Hearps, S. J. C. & Jorm, A. F. et al (2012). Self-monitoring using mobile phones in the early stages of adolescent depression: randomized controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 14(3), e67CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Melioli, T., Bauer, S., Franko, D. L., Moessner, M., Ozer, F., Chabrol, H., et al. (2016). Reducing eating disorder symptoms and risk factors using the internet: a meta‐analytic review. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 49(1), 19–31. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22477.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Neff, K. D., Whittaker, T. A., & Karl, A. (2017). Examining the factor structure of the self-compassion scale in four distinct populations: is the use of a total scale score justified? Journal of Personality Assessment, 99(6), 596–607. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2016.1269334.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Neumark-Sztainer, D., Paxton, S. J., Hannan, P. J., Haines, J., & Story, M. (2006). Does body satisfaction matter? Five-year longitudinal associations between body satisfaction and health behaviors in adolescent females and males. Journal of Adolescent Health, 39(2), 244–251.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Laurent, J., Catanzaro, S. J., Joiner Jr, T. E., Rudolph, K. D., Potter, K. I., Lambert, S., et al. (1999). A measure of positive and negative affect for children: scale development and preliminary validation. Psychological assessment, 11(3), 326–338.Google Scholar
- Rodgers, R. F., Franko, D. L., Shiyko, M., Intille, S., Wilson, K., O’Carroll, D., et al.(2016a). Exploring healthy eating among ethnic minority students using mobile technology: feasibility and adherence. Health Informatics Journal, 22(3), 440–450. https://doi.org/10.1177/1460458214565950.
- Rodgers, R. F., McLean, S. A., Marques, M., Dunstan, C. J., Paxton, S. J. (2016b). Trajectories of body dissatisfaction and dietary restriction in early adolescent girls: a latent class growth analysis. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45(8), 1664–1677. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0356-3.
- Rodgers, R. F., Pernal, W., Matsumoto, A., Shiyko, M., Intille, S., Franko, D. L. (2016c). Capitalizing on mobile technology to support healthy eating in ethnic minority college students. Journal of American College Health, 64(2), 125–132. https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2015.1085055.
- Schoffman, D. E., Turner-McGrievy, G., Jones, S. J., & Wilcox, S. (2013). Mobile apps for pediatric obesity prevention and treatment, healthy eating, and physical activity promotion: just fun and games? Translational Behavioral Medicine, 3(3), 320–325. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13142-013-0206-3.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Thompson, J. K., Heinberg, L., & Tantleff-Dunn, S. (1991). The physical appearance comparison scale. The Behavior Therapist, 14, 174.Google Scholar
- Thompson, J. K., Heinberg, L. J., Altabe, M., & Tantleff-Dunn, S. (1999). Exacting beauty: theory, assessment, and treatment of body image disturbance. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
- Zabinski, M. F., Pung, M. A., Wilfley, D. E., Eppstein, D. L., Winzelberg, A. J., Celio, A., et al. (2001). Reducing risk factors for eating disorders: targeting at‐risk women with a computerized psychoeducational program. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 29(4), 401–408. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.1036.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar