Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 490–500 | Cite as

An Online Drug Abuse Prevention Program for Adolescent Girls: Posttest and 1-Year Outcomes

  • Traci M. Schwinn
  • Steven P. Schinke
  • Jessica Hopkins
  • Bryan Keller
  • Xiang Liu
Empirical Research


Early adolescent girls’ rates of drug use have matched, and in some instances, surpassed boys’ rates. Though girls and boys share risk factors for drug use, girls also have gender-specific risks. Tailored interventions to prevent girls’ drug use are warranted. This study developed and tested a web-based, drug abuse prevention program for adolescent girls. The nationwide sample of 13- and 14-year-old girls (N = 788) was recruited via Facebook ads. Enrolled girls were randomly assigned to the intervention or control condition. All girls completed pretest measures online. Following pretest, intervention girls interacted with the 9-session, gender-specific prevention program online. The program aimed to reduce girls’ drug use and associated risk factors by improving their cognitive and behavioral skills around such areas as coping with stress, managing mood, maintaining a healthy body image, and refusing drug use offers. Girls in both conditions again completed measures at posttest and 1-year follow-up. At posttest, and compared to girls in the control condition, girls who received the intervention smoked fewer cigarettes and reported higher self-esteem, goal setting, media literacy, and self-efficacy. At 1-year follow-up, and compared to girls in the control condition, girls who received the intervention reported engaging in less binge drinking and cigarette smoking; girls assigned to the intervention condition also had higher alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana refusal skills, coping skills, and media literacy and lower rates of peer drug use. This study’s findings support the use of tailored, online drug abuse prevention programming for early adolescent girls.


Female Adolescent Drug abuse Prevention Intervention Online 



This research was supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, Grant R01DA031782.

Author Contributions

T.M.S. designed the study, wrote the protocol, oversaw study procedures described in this paper, and drafted the manuscript; S.P.S. provided guidance on study design and procedures, drafted initial sections of the manuscript, and provided final edits; J.H. conducted the study procedures outlined in the paper and assisted with the literature search, data preparation, tables, and figures; B.K. oversaw data analysis and interpretation and drafted initial sections of the manuscript; and X.L. conducted the statistical analyses. All authors contributed to and have approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Ethical Approval

All human subjects’ procedures were approved by the Columbia University Morningside Campus Institutional Review Board under protocol IRB-AAAJ3409.

Informed Consent

Informed parental permission and youth assent were obtained for all adolescents participating in this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Traci M. Schwinn
    • 1
  • Steven P. Schinke
    • 1
  • Jessica Hopkins
    • 1
  • Bryan Keller
    • 2
  • Xiang Liu
    • 2
  1. 1.Columbia University School of Social WorkNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Teachers CollegeColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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