Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 46, Issue 9, pp 1867–1877 | Cite as

Is Sexual Activity During Adolescence Good for Future Romantic Relationships?

  • Shmuel ShulmanEmail author
  • Inge Seiffge-Krenke
  • Sophie D. Walsh
Empirical Research


Past research has consistently shown that romantic experiences during adolescence affect the nature and quality of romantic relationships during emerging adulthood. However, less is known about the role of adolescent sexual experiences in future sexual and romantic relationships. The current study examined the impact of different forms of sexual activity at age 16 (within a romantic relationship or casual encounters) on the nature and quality of sexual experiences in romantic relationships at age 23. One hundred and forty four (59.7% females) 16 year olds reported on their sexual activity within a romantic relationship or sexual encounters. In addition they reported on the quality of relationships they were involved in and their tendency to suppress emotions (included as an aspect of personality). At age 23 they reported on their romantic and sexual experiences during the past 2 years (number of short lived relationships, numbers of friends with benefits, casual sex encounters) and the quality of their romantic relationships (the duration of their longest relationship, partner support and feelings of certainty in the relationships). Findings showed that the tendency to suppress emotions was associated with lower likelihood to engage in casual sex at age 23. However, greater sexual experience in casual encounters during adolescence was consistently longitudinally associated with different forms of casual sexual encounters and short romantic involvements above and beyond the contribution of personality. In contrast, sexual activity within a romantic relationship predicted only a few indices of the quality of romantic involvement at age 23. The distinctive role of casual sexual activity and sexual activity within a romantic relationship for future sexual and romantic activities is discussed.


Casual sexuality Romantic involvement Relationship quality Diary data Longitudinal study 


Author Contributions

S.S. conceived of the study, participated in its design and coordination, performed the statistical analysis and led the drafting of the manuscript; I.S.K. participated in the design and interpretation of the data, performed the statistical analysis and helped to draft the manuscript; S.D.W. participated in the design and coordination of the study, performed the measurement and helped to draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.


This study was supported by the Israeli Ministry of Health—Grant # 6412/12 given to Shmuel Shulman and Sophie D. Walsh and The Ben Dov Chair in Youth Psychology given to Shmuel Shulman.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

The authors report compliance with ethical standards.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Ethical Approval

This study was approved by the Bar Ilan University’s Institutional Review Board.

Informed Consent

Adolescents were examined only after own and parents’ consent was received.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shmuel Shulman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Inge Seiffge-Krenke
    • 2
  • Sophie D. Walsh
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyBar Ilan UniversityRamat GanIsrael
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MainzMainzGermany
  3. 3.Department of CriminologyBar Ilan UniversityRamat GanIsrael

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