Cyberbullying Victimization and Adolescent Mental Health: Evidence of Differential Effects by Sex and Mental Health Problem Type

  • Soyeon Kim
  • Scott R. Colwell
  • Anna Kata
  • Michael H. Boyle
  • Katholiki Georgiades
Empirical Research

Abstract

The use of electronic communication technologies has become a core method for adolescent communication. While there are many benefits to such technologies, cyberbullying has emerged as a potential harm. This study examines the association between cyberbullying and adolescent mental health problems and the extent to which this association differs by sex and mental health problem type. A clustered sample of 31,148 students in grades 6–12 (Female = 51.9%; 56.5% Caucasian, 10.2% South Asian) completed an anonymous survey asking their frequency of exposure to traditional forms of bullying, cyberbullying, and experiences of mental health problems over the past 6 months. Multilevel structural equation modelling was used to examine the associations. Controlling for age and traditional forms of bullying, cyberbullying was a significant predictor of adolescents’ emotional and behavioral problems. Cyberbullying was more strongly associated with emotional problems for females and with behavioral problems for males. This evidence identifies unique adverse effects associated with cyberbullying on both emotional and behavioural problems and sex differences in the strength of these associations.

Keywords

Cyberbullying Emotional problems Behavioral problems Adolescents Sex difference 

Supplementary material

10964_2017_678_MOESM1_ESM.docx (12 kb)
Supplementary Information

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Soyeon Kim
    • 1
  • Scott R. Colwell
    • 2
  • Anna Kata
    • 1
  • Michael H. Boyle
    • 1
  • Katholiki Georgiades
    • 1
  1. 1.McMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  2. 2.University of GuelphGuelphCanada

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