Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 46, Issue 7, pp 1371–1393

The Mobility of Youth in the Justice System: Implications for Recidivism

  • Kevin T. Wolff
  • Michael T. Baglivio
  • Jonathan Intravia
  • Mark A. Greenwald
  • Nathan Epps
Empirical Research


Both residential mobility and community disadvantage have been shown to be associated with negative outcomes for adolescents generally and juvenile offenders specifically. The current study examines the effects of moving among a large sample (n = 13,096) of previously adjudicated youth (31.6 % female, 41.2 % Black, 16.5 % Hispanic). Additionally, we examine whether moving upward to a more affluent neighborhood, moving downward to an area of greater disadvantage, or moving laterally to a similar neighborhood tempers the effects of residential mobility. We use a combination of analytical techniques, including propensity score matching to untangle the effects of mobility sans pre-existing conditions between movers and non-movers. Results show relocation increases recidivism, irrespective of the direction of the move with regard to socioeconomic context. Moving upward has the most detrimental impact for adjudicated male adolescents, while downward relocations evidenced the largest effect for female youth. Implications for policy and future research needs are discussed.


Residential mobility Recidivism Juvenile offenders 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.John Jay College of Criminal JusticeNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.G4S Youth Services, LLCTampaUSA
  3. 3.Ball State UniversityMuncieUSA
  4. 4.Florida Department of Juvenile JusticeTallahasseeUSA

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