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The Effects of Ethnic/Racial Discrimination and Sleep Quality on Depressive Symptoms and Self-Esteem Trajectories Among Diverse Adolescents

Abstract

Ethnic/racial discrimination has persistent negative implications for both physical and mental health. The current study employs a risk and resilience framework to explore the joint effects of ethnic/racial discrimination and sleep disturbance on psychosocial outcomes among adolescents. In a sample of 146 minority and White adolescents (70 % female), changes in depressive symptoms, anxiety, and self-esteem over 3 years are explored using growth curve models. Regardless of ethnic background, adolescents reporting high levels of ethnic/racial discrimination and poor sleep also reported a corresponding increase in depressive symptoms and lower levels of self-esteem over time. Adolescents reporting all other combinations of sleep quality and ethnic/racial discrimination reported more positive adjustment over time. The joint effects of sleep and ethnic/racial discrimination on adolescent psychosocial development are discussed.

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Acknowledgments

This study was funded by an NICHD (5R01HD055436) grant awarded to Tiffany Yip and J. Nicole Shelton (Princeton University).

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Yip, T. The Effects of Ethnic/Racial Discrimination and Sleep Quality on Depressive Symptoms and Self-Esteem Trajectories Among Diverse Adolescents. J Youth Adolescence 44, 419–430 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-014-0123-x

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-014-0123-x

Keywords

  • Ethnic/racial discrimination
  • Sleep
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Self-esteem