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Mastery in Middle Adolescence: The Contributions of Socioeconomic Status, Maternal Mastery and Supportive-Involved Mothering

Abstract

Mastery, or the feeling of power or control over one’s life, is a vital yet understudied covariate of wellbeing in adolescence and adulthood. The goal of the current study was to explore the effects of demographic characteristics (i.e., sex, age, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status (SES)), maternal mastery, and supportive-involved mothering on children’s mastery at ages 16–17 years. 855 teens (47.6 % female) and their mothers provided study data as part of the 1992 and 1998 waves of National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-1979 (NLSY-79; 24.1 % Hispanic, 36.6 % Black). Hybrid path models indicated that only maternal parenting during middle childhood was linked directly to levels of children’s mastery in middle adolescence; a small portion of the association between parenting and adolescent mastery was attributable to SES. The discussion centers on significance of these findings for future research and theory development.

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Notes

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    Information about factor loadings, etc. is available from the first author upon request.

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Author Contributions

K.M. conceived of the study, participated in its design, performed and interpreted the statistical analyses, and drafted the manuscript; Y.S. performed and interpreted the statistical analyses of moderated mediation and helped to draft the manuscript. Both authors read and approved the final manuscript.

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Correspondence to Kristin L. Moilanen.

Appendix

Appendix

See Table 4.

Table 4 Items comprising the indicators of the latent maternal supportive parenting variable

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Moilanen, K.L., Shen, YL. Mastery in Middle Adolescence: The Contributions of Socioeconomic Status, Maternal Mastery and Supportive-Involved Mothering. J Youth Adolescence 43, 298–310 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-013-9951-3

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Keywords

  • Mastery
  • Locus of control
  • Parenting
  • Mothering
  • NLSY79
  • Longitudinal
  • SES
  • SEM