Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 42, Issue 5, pp 662–674 | Cite as

The Association Between Cyber Victimization and Subsequent Cyber Aggression: The Moderating Effect of Peer Rejection

  • Michelle F. WrightEmail author
  • Yan LiEmail author
Empirical Research


Adolescents experience various forms of strain in their lives that may contribute jointly to their engagement in cyber aggression. However, little attention has been given to this idea. To address this gap in the literature, the present longitudinal study examined the moderating influence of peer rejection on the relationship between cyber victimization at Time 1 (T1) and subsequent cyber aggression at Time 2 (T2; 6 months later) among 261 (150 girls) 6th, 7th, and 8th graders. Our findings indicated that both peer rejection and cyber victimization were related to T2 peer-nominated and self-reported cyber aggression, both relational and verbal, after controlling for gender and T1 cyber aggression. Furthermore, T1 cyber victimization was related more strongly to T2 peer-nominated and self-reported cyber aggression at higher levels of T1 peer rejection. These results extend previous findings regarding the relationship between peer rejection and face-to-face aggressive behaviors to the cyber context. In addition, our findings underscore the importance of utilizing multiple methods, such as peer-nomination and self-report, to assess cyber aggression in a school setting.


Longitudinal Cyberbullying Cyber aggression Peer nomination Peer rejection Cyber victimization Adolescent 


Author contributions

Michelle F. Wright conceived of the study, participated in its design and coordination of the study, performed the statistical analyses, interpreted the data, and drafted and revised the manuscript. Yan Li participated in the design of the study, and helped with manuscript revisions.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyDePaul UniversityChicagoUSA

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