Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 43, Issue 1, pp 1–14 | Cite as

Concurrent and Prospective Analyses of Peer, Television and Social Media Influences on Body Dissatisfaction, Eating Disorder Symptoms and Life Satisfaction in Adolescent Girls

  • Christopher J. FergusonEmail author
  • Mónica E. Muñoz
  • Adolfo Garza
  • Mariza Galindo
Empirical Research


The degree to which media contributes to body dissatisfaction, life satisfaction and eating disorder symptoms in teenage girls continues to be debated. The current study examines television, social media and peer competition influences on body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptoms and life satisfaction in a sample of 237 mostly Hispanic girls. 101 of these girls were reassessed in a later 6-month follow-up. Neither television exposure to thin ideal media nor social media predicted negative outcomes either concurrently nor prospectively with the exception of a small concurrent correlation between social media use and life satisfaction. Social media use was found to contribute to later peer competition in prospective analysis, however, suggesting potential indirect but not direct effects on body related outcomes. Peer competition proved to be a moderate strong predictor of negative outcomes both concurrently and prospectively. It is concluded that the negative influences of social comparison are focused on peers rather than television or social media exposure.


Mass media Television Social media Body dissatisfaction Eating disorders 



This project was made possible by an internal TAMIU University Research Grant provided through generous funding as part of the Lamar Bruni Vergara Trust.

Author contributions

Christopher J. Ferguson conceptualized the study and study design, analyzed the data and wrote the first draft of the manuscript. Monica E. Munoz conceptualized the study and study design, and assisted in writing and editing the submitted draft of the manuscript. Adolfo Garza collected the data and conducted participant interviews and assisted in writing and editing the submitted draft of the manuscript. Mariza Galindo collected the data and conducted participant interviews and assisted in writing and editing the submitted draft of the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher J. Ferguson
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mónica E. Muñoz
    • 1
  • Adolfo Garza
    • 1
  • Mariza Galindo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology and CommunicationTexas A&M International UniversityLaredoUSA

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