Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 40, Issue 8, pp 931–944

Adolescent Sexuality and Positive Well-Being: A Group-Norms Approach

Empirical Research

DOI: 10.1007/s10964-011-9629-7

Cite this article as:
Vrangalova, Z. & Savin-Williams, R.C. J Youth Adolescence (2011) 40: 931. doi:10.1007/s10964-011-9629-7


The link between adolescent sexual activity and psychological well-being is a controversial issue in developmental psychology. This cross-sectional study investigated the association between three aspects of teenage sexuality (genital sexual experience, age of sexual onset, and number of sex partners) and positive well-being (hedonic, eudaimonic, and overall) in a sample of 475 high school seniors (48% female; 89% White) from a single school district in a rural upstate New York community. Based on a group-norms perspective, we expected higher well-being in adolescents whose sexual behaviors followed group-normative patterns. As expected, sexually experienced and on-time (at age 16) students reported higher well-being than sexually inexperienced or late-onset (17 or older) students. Contrary to expectations, a high number of sex partners and an early sexual onset (15 or younger) were not related to lower well-being. Early-onset girls reported higher levels of well-being than normative-onset peers. Findings are discussed in relationship to theoretical perspectives and past empirical findings of teenage sexuality as a developmental asset versus risk.


Adolescent sexual behavior Eudaimonic well-being Hedonic well-being Multiple sexual partners High number of partners Age of sexual onset 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Human Development, Martha Van Rensselaer Hall, College of Human EcologyCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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