Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 35, Issue 5, pp 783–794 | Cite as

Longitudinal Association Between Parenting Practices and Early Sexual Risk Behaviors among Urban African American Adolescents: The Moderating Role of Gender

  • Chisina T. KapunguEmail author
  • Grayson N. Holmbeck
  • Roberta L. Paikoff
Original Paper


A sample of 274 African American families, living in impoverished neighborhoods with high HIV rates, participated in a longitudinal study of adolescent sexual development when children were in the 4th or 5th grade. Self-report and observational measures of parental warmth and parental behavioral control were collected from adolescents and parents at Time 1, and youth reported if they had initiated intercourse at Times 1 and 2. Regression analyses suggested that gender moderated associations between parental behavioral control and engagement in adolescent sexual behaviors. More generally, findings suggested that boys reared in low control/high warmth (i.e., permissive) homes and girls reared in high control/low warmth (i.e., authoritarian) homes were particularly at risk for early sexual behaviors. Clinical implications and directions for the future research are discussed.


African American adolescents Sexual behaviors Parenting 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chisina T. Kapungu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Grayson N. Holmbeck
    • 1
  • Roberta L. Paikoff
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyLoyola University of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry, Institute for Juvenile ResearchUniversity of IllinoisChicagoUSA

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