Journal of World Prehistory

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 227–274

The Origins of the Bronze Age of Southeast Asia

  • Charles Higham
  • Thomas Higham
  • Roberto Ciarla
  • Katerina Douka
  • Amphan Kijngam
  • Fiorella Rispoli
Article

Abstract

White and Hamilton (J World Prehist 22: 357–97, 2009) have proposed a model for the origin of the Southeast Asian Bronze Age founded on seven AMS radiocarbon determinations from the Northeast Thai site of Ban Chiang, which would date the initial Bronze Age there to about 2000 BC. Since this date is too early for the derivation of a bronze industry from the documented exchange that linked Southeast Asia with Chinese states during the 2nd millennium BC, they have identified the Seima-Turbino 3rd millennium BC forest-steppe technology of the area between the Urals and the Altai as the source of the Southeast Asian Bronze Age. We challenge this model by presenting a new chronological framework for Ban Chiang, which supports our model that the knowledge of bronze metallurgy reached Southeast Asia only in the late 2nd millennium BC, through contact with the states of the Yellow and Yangtze valleys.

Keywords

Southeast Asia Bronze Age Thailand Ban Non Wat Ban Chiang Shang civilization Seima-Turbino 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles Higham
    • 1
  • Thomas Higham
    • 2
  • Roberto Ciarla
    • 3
  • Katerina Douka
    • 2
  • Amphan Kijngam
    • 4
  • Fiorella Rispoli
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand
  2. 2.Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit, Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of ArtUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  3. 3.Italian Institute for Africa and the OrientRomeItaly
  4. 4.Fine Arts Department of ThailandBangkokThailand

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