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Deglaciation and Colonization: Pioneer Settlements in Northern Fennoscandia

Journal of World Prehistory Aims and scope

Abstract

We present new data on Early Mesolithic settlements in northern Sweden and discuss the process of pioneer colonization. A new set of radiocarbon dates from archaeological sites push deglaciation of northern Fennoscandia further back in time and demonstrate the rapid arrival of pioneer settlers. Environmental data reveal a highly productive early postglacial setting with plant communities unmatched in present ecosystems. The chronological and technological setting supports immigration from the north and northwest with pioneers relying on a long history of enculturating northern subarctic landscapes.

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Bergman, I., Olofsson, A., Hörnberg, G. et al. Deglaciation and Colonization: Pioneer Settlements in Northern Fennoscandia. J World Prehist 18, 155–177 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10963-004-2880-z

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