Academic entrepreneurship, technology transfer and society: where next?
- 3.2k Downloads
I outline a synthesis of micro and macro levels that attempts to provide a broader conceptualization of academic entrepreneurship and an appreciation of the contextual heterogeneity of academic entrepreneurship and the implications for how it occurs. The micro-level concerns how firms orchestrate their resources and capabilities, specifically knowing where resources come from and how to accumulate, bundle and configure them to generate sustainable returns. At the macro level, I analyse four different dimensions of context: temporal, institutional, social and spatial. Consequently, I argue that there is a need for a reconciliation of utilitarian and education-for-education’s sake perspectives on the role of universities.
KeywordsSpin-offs Universities Technology transfer Academic entrepreneurship
JEL ClassificationN13 O31
Thanks to Simon Mosey, Philippe Mustar and participants at the Technology Transfer Society Conference 2011 for comments on an earlier version.
- Babcock-Lumish, T. L. (2009). Financing clusters of innovation: The geography of venture capital investment, US and UK, Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1358931.
- Christensen, J. L. (2010). Low-tech, high-performing clusters in knowledge-based economies, Paper presented at Druid Conference. Imperial College Business School, June 16–18.Google Scholar
- Clark, T., & Wright, M. (2009). So farewell, then… reflections on editing journal of management studies. Journal of Management Studies, 46(1), 1–9.Google Scholar
- Freeman, C. (1987). Technology and economic performance: Lessons from Japan. London: Pinter.Google Scholar
- Higher Education Funding Council. (2011). Higher Education-Business and Community Interaction Survey 2009–10. London: HEFCE.Google Scholar
- Levie, J., Hart, M., & Anyadyke-Danes, M. (2010). The effect of business or enterprise training on opportunity recognition and entrepreneurial skills of graduates and non-graduates in the UK. Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, 2009, 749–759.Google Scholar
- Moore, J. F. (1996). The Death of Competition: Leadership & Strategy in the Age of Business Ecosystems. New York: HarperBusiness.Google Scholar
- Newman, J. H. C. (1852). The idea of a university defined and illustrated. London: Longmans, Green and Co.Google Scholar
- Pettigrew, A. (2002). Management research after modernism. British Journal of Management, 12S, 61–70.Google Scholar
- Pettigrew, A. (2011). Scholarship with impact. British Journal of Management, 22(3), 347–354.Google Scholar
- Smith A. (1776/1999). The wealth of nations: Books IV–V. Penguin: Harmondsworth.Google Scholar
- Wilson, N., & Wright, M. (2011). Equity gap in the UK venture capital industry. Report prepared for NESTA.Google Scholar
- Wright, M. (2011). Entrepreneurial mobility, Chapter 6. In D. Bergh & D. Ketchen (Eds.), Research methodology in strategy and management (Vol. 6, pp. 137–162). Bingley: Emerald Books.Google Scholar
- Wright, M., Clarysse, B., Mustar, P., & Lockett, A. (2008b). Academic entrepreneurship in Europe. Cheltenham: UK Edward Elgar.Google Scholar