International industrial R&D—policy challenges: introduction to the special issue
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In recent years, national policy-makers have considerably intensified their attempts to make sense of international R&D of companies and to develop related national policy strategies. For example, a subgroup of the OECD Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy has been installed that discusses policy challenges and current policy practices as regards international research. Several high level, policy oriented conferences of international bodies such as the OECD, the Six Country programme or the EU have dealt with the issue,1 and the number of related academic articles have increased considerably (see Rama in this issue). The study about the Chinese Innovation System conducted by the OECD and the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) in 2006 and 2007 had as one of four foci the issue area of ‘China and the Globalization of Science and Technology’.2In the US, in April 2007 an expert’s workshop at the National Academies has dealt with the questions how...
KeywordsInternationalization Corporate R&D Public policy Foreign direct investment Mobility
JEL ClassificationO32 O38 F23
All the papers of this special issue have been discussed in the workshop on the issue of ‘Globalisation of R&D: The Policy Dimension’ (“GlobPol” held in Vienna, May 2005) financed by the European Network of Excellence PRIME (Policies for Research and Innovation in the Move towards the European Research Area, www.prime-noe.org).4 The authors are grateful for the financial support and the broad discussion of the issue within the general framework of the PRIME network and for the valuable comments of all the discussants at the Vienna workshop.
- Narula, R. (2003). Technology and globalization. Interdependence, innovation systems and industrial policy. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
- OECD. (2006). Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2006, Paris.Google Scholar
- Salmi, H. (2006). Globalisation and knowledge-based economies: European perspectives, presentation at the “Going Global” Conference, Helsinki.Google Scholar
- UNCTAD. (2005). World investment report 2005: Transnational corporations and the internationalization of R&D. New York and Geneva: United Nations Publication.Google Scholar