The Knowledge-Based Economy: Conceptual Framework or Buzzword?

Abstract

In the last two decades, concepts have appeared that have influenced and even defined entire science and technology policies in Western countries: high technology, national system of innovation, information economy, knowledge-based economy, and the new economy. In all these policy developments, the OECD, acting as a think tank for its member countries, has been an important promoter of these concepts, turning them into buzzwords. This article looks at the concept of knowledge-based economy in order to explore the crucial role of the OECD in its dissemination and, above all, the role statistics have played in shaping policy discourses.

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Correspondence to Benoît Godin.

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Godin, B. The Knowledge-Based Economy: Conceptual Framework or Buzzword?. J Technol Transfer 31, 17–30 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-005-5010-x

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Keywords

  • knowledge-based economy
  • science policy
  • innovation
  • OECD
  • statistics
  • indicators

JEL Classification

  • O30