The Journal of Technology Transfer

, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 17–30 | Cite as

The Knowledge-Based Economy: Conceptual Framework or Buzzword?

  • Benoît GodinEmail author


In the last two decades, concepts have appeared that have influenced and even defined entire science and technology policies in Western countries: high technology, national system of innovation, information economy, knowledge-based economy, and the new economy. In all these policy developments, the OECD, acting as a think tank for its member countries, has been an important promoter of these concepts, turning them into buzzwords. This article looks at the concept of knowledge-based economy in order to explore the crucial role of the OECD in its dissemination and, above all, the role statistics have played in shaping policy discourses.


knowledge-based economy science policy innovation OECD statistics indicators 

JEL Classification



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.INRSMontréalCanada

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