Billiards, scattering by rough obstacles, and optimal mass transportation
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This article presents a brief exposition of recent results of the author on billiard scattering by rough obstacles. We define the notion of a rough body and give a characterization of scattering by rough bodies. Then we define the resistance of a rough body; it can be interpreted as the aerodynamic resistance of the somersaulting body moving through a rarefied medium. We solve the problems of maximum and minimum resistance for rough bodies (more precisely, for bodies obtained by roughening a prescribed convex set) in arbitrary dimension. Surprisingly, these problems are reduced to special problems of optimal mass transportation on the sphere.
KeywordsConvex Body Incident Particle Solar Sailing Transport Plan Optimal Transportation
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