Generation of compensatory eye movements which arise in response to vestibular stimulation is described in the framework of a three-neuron pathway, by which the vestibulo-ocular reflex is conducted. A mathematical model of the reflex based on the literature is presented in the paper. All parameters and variables of the model proposed have a clear physiological meaning. Incompleteness of the vestibulo-ocular interconnections described in the literature is shown. For the particular case of head rotation about the vertical axis, an experiment is proposed and performed; the results of the experiment allow one to identify unknown parameters of the model. The torsional vestibulo-ocular reflex readaptation process to usual earth gravity conditions after long-term orbital flight was experimentally investigated.
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Muratova, E.A., Yakushev, A.G. Three-neuron model of compensatory eye movements in response to vestibular stimulation. J Math Sci 147, 6668–6681 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10958-007-0504-8
- Hair Cell
- Semicircular Canal
- Vestibular Nucleus
- Extraocular Muscle
- Vestibular Stimulation