Implementation of Game-transformed Inquiry-based Learning to Promote the Understanding of and Motivation to Learn Chemistry

Abstract

Many studies have used the potential of computer games to promote students’ attitudes toward learning and increase their learning performance. A few studies have transformed scientific content into computer games or developed games with scientific content. In this paper, we employed students’ common misconceptions of chemistry regarding the properties of liquid to develop a computer game. Daily life situations and everyday phenomena related to the chemical understanding of the properties of liquid were also taken into account. Afterward, we applied a process-oriented, inquiry-based active learning approach to implement the game in a Thai high school chemistry course. We studied the implementation of a game-transformed inquiry-based learning class by comparing it to a conventional inquiry-based learning class. The results of this study include aspects of students’ conceptual understanding of chemistry and their motivation to learn chemistry. We found that students in both the game-transformed inquiry-based learning class and conventional inquiry-based learning class had a significantly increased conceptual understanding of chemistry. There was also a significant difference between the gains of both classes between the pre- and post-conceptual understanding scores. Moreover, the post-conceptual understanding scores of students in the two classes were significantly different. These findings support the notion that students can better comprehend chemistry concepts through a computer game, especially when integrated with the process-oriented, inquiry-based learning approach. The findings of this study also highlight the game-transformed inquiry-based learning approach’s support of students’ motivation to learn chemistry.

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Acknowledgements

Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the view of Mahidol University and Khon Kaen University. The author would like to thank Mrs. Nattida Nantakaew, chemistry teacher, and current member of Frontiers of Educational Science and Technology (FEST) Research Network, Thailand, for her contribution of previous research works. The authors also thank teachers, principal, and students of the school.

Funding

This study was funded by Mahidol University, Thailand (grant no. 80/2561).

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Correspondence to Patcharin Panjaburee.

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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the Mahidol University Central Institutional Review Board, Thailand with the COA No. MU-CIRB 2018/091.0105 declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Srisawasdi, N., Panjaburee, P. Implementation of Game-transformed Inquiry-based Learning to Promote the Understanding of and Motivation to Learn Chemistry. J Sci Educ Technol 28, 152–164 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10956-018-9754-0

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Keywords

  • Game-based learning
  • Digital game
  • Teaching and learning strategies
  • Active learning
  • Inquiry-based learning