Problem-Centered Supplemental Instruction in Biology: Influence on Content Recall, Content Understanding, and Problem Solving Ability


DOI: 10.1007/s10956-017-9686-0

Cite this article as:
Gardner, J. & Belland, B.R. J Sci Educ Technol (2017). doi:10.1007/s10956-017-9686-0


To address the need for effective, efficient ways to apply active learning in undergraduate biology courses, in this paper, we propose a problem-centered approach that utilizes supplemental web-based instructional materials based on principles of active learning. We compared two supplementary web-based modules using active learning strategies: the first used Merrill’s First Principles of Instruction as a framework for organizing multiple active learning strategies; the second used a traditional web-based approach. Results indicated that (a) the First Principles group gained significantly from pretest to posttest at the Remember level (t(40) = −1.432, p = 0.08, ES = 0.4) and at the Problem Solving level (U = 142.5, N1 = 21, N2 = 21, p = .02, ES = 0.7) and (b) the Traditional group gained significantly from pretest to posttest at the Remember level (t(36) = 1.762, p = 0.043, ES = 0.6). Those in the First Principles group were significantly more likely than the traditional group to be confident in their ability to solve problems in the future (χ2 (2, N = 40) = 3.585, p = 0.09).


Biology Evolution Teaching Instructional design First principles of instruction Introductory biology course Multimedia Active learning Problem solving Recall Understanding 

Supplementary material

10956_2017_9686_MOESM1_ESM.docx (17 kb)
ESM 1(DOCX 16 kb).

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Franklin UniversityColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Utah State UniversityLoganUSA

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