Journal of Solution Chemistry

, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 430–448 | Cite as

The Study of Solute–Solvent Interactions in 1-Butyl-3-Methylimidazolium Hexafluorophosphate + 2-Pyrrolidone from Volumetric, Acoustic, Optical and Spectral Properties

  • V. Srinivasa Rao
  • M. Srinivasa Reddy
  • K. Thomas S. S. Raju
  • B. L. Rani
  • B. Hari Babu


The density (ρ), speed of sound (u) and refractive index (nD) of [Bmim][PF6], 2-pyrrolidone and their binary mixtures were measured over the whole composition range as a function of temperature between (303.15 and 323.15) K at atmospheric pressure. Experimental values were used to calculate the excess molar volumes \( \left( {V_{m}^{\text{E}} } \right) \), excess partial molar volumes \( \left( {\overline{V}_{m}^{\text{E}} } \right) \), partial molar volumes at infinite dilution \( \left( {\overline{V}_{m}^{{{\text{E}},\infty }} } \right) \), excess values of isentropic compressibility \( \left( {\kappa_{S}^{\text{E}} } \right) \), free length \( \left( {L_{\text{f}}^{\text{E}} } \right) \) and speeds of sound \( \left( {u^{\text{E}} } \right) \) for the binary mixtures. The calculated properties are discussed in terms of molecular interactions between the components of the mixtures. The results reveal that interactions between unlike molecules take place, particularly through intermolecular hydrogen bond formation between the C2–H of [Bmim][PF6] and the carbonyl group of pyrrolidin-2-one. An excellent correlation between thermodynamic and IR spectroscopic measurements was observed. The observations were further supported by the Prigogine–Flory–Patterson (PFP) theory of excess molar volume.


[Bmim][PF62-Pyrrolidone Density Speed of sound Refractive index Excess thermodynamic parameters 

Supplementary material

10953_2018_729_MOESM1_ESM.docx (640 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 639 kb)


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Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Srinivasa Rao
    • 1
    • 5
  • M. Srinivasa Reddy
    • 2
  • K. Thomas S. S. Raju
    • 3
  • B. L. Rani
    • 4
  • B. Hari Babu
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of ChemistrySRR & CVR Govt. Degree CollegeVijayawadaIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryTRR Govt. Degree CollegeKandukurIndia
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryAndhra Loyola CollegeVijayawadaIndia
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryChalapathi Institute of Engineering and TechnologyGunturIndia
  5. 5.Department of ChemistryAcharya Nagarjuna UniversityNagarjunanagarIndia

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