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Densities and Speeds of Sound of Binary Liquid Mixtures of 1,4-Butanediol with 2-Methoxyethanol and 2-Propoxyethanol at T = (303.15, 308.15, 313.15 and 318.15) K

Abstract

Densities, ρ, and speeds of sound, u, for the binary liquid mixtures of 1,4-butanediol (1,4-BD) + 2-alkoxyethanols {2-methoxyethanol (2-ME), or 2-propoxyethanol (2-PE)} over the whole composition range have been measured at T = (303.15, 308.15, 313.15 and 318.15) K, and at atmospheric pressure (p = 0.1 kPa). Experimental data for the densities and speeds of sound have been used to derive the quantities like excess molar volume, \( V_{\text{m}}^{\text{E}} \), excess isentropic compressibility, \( \kappa_{S}^{\text{E}} \), excess molar isentropic compressibility, \( K_{{S,{\text{m}}}}^{\text{E}} \), excess speed of sound, \( u^{\text{E}} \), and excess isobaric thermal expansion \( \alpha_{p}^{\text{E}} \). These excess parameters were correlated by Redlich–Kister polynomials. Excess partial molar volumes (\( \bar{V}_{\text{m,1}}^{\text{E}} \) and \( \bar{V}_{\text{m,2}}^{\text{E}} \)) and their limiting values at infinite dilution (\( \bar{V}_{\text{m,1}}^{{ 0 {\text{E}}}} \) and \( {\bar{\text{V}}}_{\text{m,2}}^{{ 0 {\text{E}}}} \)) have been calculated from the experimental density measurements and were analytically obtained using the Redlich–Kister polynomials. The results are discussed in terms of intermolecular interactions and their dependence on composition and temperature.

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Correspondence to K. Narendra.

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Srinivasu, J.V., Narendra, K., Kavitha, C. et al. Densities and Speeds of Sound of Binary Liquid Mixtures of 1,4-Butanediol with 2-Methoxyethanol and 2-Propoxyethanol at T = (303.15, 308.15, 313.15 and 318.15) K. J Solution Chem 46, 2066–2090 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10953-017-0688-6

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Keywords

  • Density
  • Speed of sound
  • 1,4-Butanediol
  • 2-Alkoxyethanol
  • Excess thermodynamic property
  • Molecular interactions