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The Thermal Diffusion of Hydrogen Chloride in Water–Monoatomic Alcohol Mixtures at 298 K

Abstract

Standard entropies of the thermal diffusion transference of HCl, entropies of the moving H+ and Cl ions, and Soret coefficients of this electrolyte at 298 K were obtained from a thermoelectrochemical investigation of HCl in water + alcohol solvent systems. The thermoelectric powers of the silver/silver chloride and para-benzoquinone/hydroquinone thermocells have been measured. Effects of the mixed solvent composition and the nature of an alcohol on the thermal diffusion characteristics were discussed using the theories of De Bethune and Agar.

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Correspondence to L. P. Safonova.

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Sokolov, V.N., Safonova, L.P. & Pribochenko, A.A. The Thermal Diffusion of Hydrogen Chloride in Water–Monoatomic Alcohol Mixtures at 298 K. J Solution Chem 35, 1621–1630 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10953-006-9087-0

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10953-006-9087-0

Keywords

  • Thermoelectrochemical systems
  • Soret coefficients
  • Thermal diffusion
  • HCl
  • Water + alcohol mixture