Skip to main content

Evaluation of the rockburst potential in longwall coal mining using passive seismic velocity tomography and image subtraction technique

Abstract

Rockburst is a typical dynamic disaster in underground coal mines which its occurrences relate to the mechanical quality of coal seam and surrounding rock mass and also the condition of stress distribution. The main aim of this paper is to study the potential of rockburst in a longwall coal mine by using of passive seismic velocity tomography and image subtraction technique. For this purpose, first by mounting an array of receivers on the surface above the active panel, the mining-induced seismic data as a passive source for several continuous days were recorded. Then, the three-dimensional tomograms using simultaneous iteration reconstruction technique (SIRT) for each day are created and by employing the velocity filtering, the overstressed zones are detected. In addition, the two-dimensional seismic velocity tomograms in coal seam level by slicing the three-dimensional tomograms are obtained. Then the state of stress changes in successive days by applying the image subtraction technique on these two-dimensional tomograms is considered. The results show that the compilation of filtered three-dimensional tomograms and subtracted images is an appropriate approach for detecting the overstressed zones around the panel and subsequent evaluation of rockburst potential. The research conclusion proves that the applied approach in this study in combination with field observations of rock mass status can effectively identify the rockburst-prone areas during the mining operation and help to improve the safety condition.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

References

  • Alcott J, Kaiser P, Simser B (1998) Use of microseismic source parameters for rockburst hazard assessment. Pure and Applied Geophysics Journal 153(1):41–65

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Brady B (1977) Anomalous seismicity prior to rockbursts: implications for earthquake prediction. Pure and Applied Geophysics Journal 115(1–2):357–374

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Brauner G, (1994), Rockbursts in coal mines and their prevention, Rotterdam, AA Balkema, Taylor & Francis.

  • Cassiani G, Bohm G, Vesnaver A, Nicolich R (1998) A geostatistical framework for incorporating seismic tomography auxiliary data into hydraulic conductivity estimation. J Hydrol 206(1–2):58–74

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cox M, (1999), Static corrections for seismic reflection surveys, Tulsa, OK, Society of Exploration Geophysicists.

  • Debski W, Young RP (1999) Enhanced velocity tomography: practical method of combining velocity and attenuation parameters. Geophys Res Lett 26(21):3253–3256

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Deustch CV, (2002), Geostatistical reservoir modeling, Oxford University Press, New York.

  • Ellenberger J L, Heasley K A, (2000), Coal mine seismicity and bumps: historical case studies and current field activity, In: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining, Morgantown, pp. 112–120.

  • Glazer S, Lurka A, (2007), Application of passive seismic tomography to cave mining operations based on experience at palabora mining company, South Africa, Proceedings of The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 1st International Symposium on Block and Sub-Level Caving, Cape Town, South Africa, pp. 369–388.

  • Hardy H, (2003), Acoustic emission/microseismic activity. Lisse, Balkema.

  • Herget G, (1988), Stresses in rock, published by: Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema.

  • Herman G T, (1980), Image reconstruction from projections: the fundamentals of computerized tomography, New York: Academic Press.

  • Hsieh J, (2003), Computed tomography: principles, design, artifacts, and recent advances, Bellingham, WA: SPIE Optical Engineering Press.

  • Lee IJ, Chung JW, Hong H, Yin YH, Kim S, Park E, Lee W (2011) Subtraction CT angiography of the lower extremities: single volume subtraction versus multi-segmented volume subtraction. Acad Radiol 18(7):902–909

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lee WB, Xu W (2000) 3-D geostatistical velocity modeling: salt imaging in a geopressured environment. Lead Edge 19(1):32–36

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lee WHK, Pereyra V (1993) Mathematical introduction to seismic tomography, inseismic tomography: theory and practice. Chapman & Hall, London, pp 9–22

    Google Scholar 

  • Luxbacher K, Westman E, Swanson P (2008a) Time-lapse tomography of a longwall panel: a comparison of location schemes, proceedings of the 26th international conference on ground control in mining. West Virginia University, Morgantown, pp 217–225

    Google Scholar 

  • Luxbacher K, Westman E, Swanson P, Karfakis M (2008b) Three-dimensional time-lapse velocity tomography of an underground longwall panel. International Journal of Rock Mechanics & Mining Sciences 45(4):478–485

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Maleki H, (2002), The Application of geotechnical monitoring to stability evaluation and mine design, Proceedings of the SME Annual Meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, Preprint 02–023.

  • Manthei G (1997) Seismic tomography on a pillar in a potash mine, proceedings of the proceedings of the 4th international symposium on Rockbursts and seismicity in mines. Krakow, pp 237–242

  • MathWorks, (2011), Image Processing Toolbox™ 7, MATLAB software user’s guide, <http://www.mathworks.com/access/helpdesk/help/pdf_doc/images/images_tb.pdf>; [accessed 17 Aug. 2011].

  • Menke W, (1987), Geophysical data analysis: discrete inverse theory; 2nd edition, San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

  • MSHA, (2010), Data retrieval system, <http://www.msha.gov/drs/drshome.htm>; [accessed 24 Jul. 2010].

  • Nolet G, (2008), A breviary of seismic tomography, Cambridge University Press, UK.

  • Obert L, Duvall W I, (1967), Rock mechanics and the design of structures in rock, New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

  • Peng S S, (2006), Longwall mining, 2nd edition, Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc. (SME).

  • Peng S S, (2008), Coal mine ground control, 3rd edition, Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc. (SME).

  • Perino A, Zhu JB, Li JC, Barla G, Zhao J (2010) Theoretical methods for wave propagation across jointed rock masses. Rock Mech Rock Eng 43(6):799–809

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Santamarina J C, Fratta D, (2005), Discrete signals and inverse problem: an introduction for engineers and scientists, New York, Wiley.

  • Shen B, King A, Guo H (2008) Displacement, stress and seismicity in roadway roofs during mining-induced failure. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Science 45(5):672–688

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Scott D F, Willams T J, Friedel M J, (1997), Investigation of a rockburst site, Sunshine mine, Kellogg, Idaho, Proceedings of the Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Rockbursts and Seismicity in Mines, Krakow, pp. 311–315.

  • Swanson P, Estey L, Boler F Billington S, (1992), Accuracy and precision of microseismic event locations in rock burst research studies, Report of investigations (United States Bureau of Mines) No. 9395, NIOSH.

  • Szucs-Farkas Z, Lautenschlager K, Flach PM, Ott D, Strautz T, Vock P, Ruder TD (2011) Bone images from dual-energy subtraction chest radiography in the detection of rib fractures. Eur J Radiol 79(2):e28–e32

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tarantola A, (1987), Inverse problem theory: methods for data fitting and model parameter estimation, Amsterdam, Elsevier.

  • Wang Y, (2003), Handbook of geophysical exploration—seismic amplitude inversion in reflection tomography, PERGAMON, Elsevier Science Ltd., Volume 33.

  • Wang SY, Lam KC, Au SK, Tang CA, Zhu WC, Yang TH (2006) Analytical and numerical study on the pillar rockbursts mechanism. Rock Mech Rock Eng 39(5):445–467

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Watanabe T, Matsuoka T, Ashida Y, (1999), Seismic Travel-time Tomography Using Fresnel Volume Approach, Proceedings of the 69th SEG Annual Meeting, Houston.

  • Watanabe T, Sassa K (1996) Seismic attenuation tomography and its application to rock mass evaluation. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 33(5):467–477

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Young RP, Maxwell SC (1992) Seismic characterization of a highly stressed rock mass using tomographic imaging and induced seismicity. J Geophys Res 97(B9):12361–12373

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Navid Hosseini.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Hosseini, N. Evaluation of the rockburst potential in longwall coal mining using passive seismic velocity tomography and image subtraction technique. J Seismol 21, 1101–1110 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10950-017-9654-4

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10950-017-9654-4

Keywords

  • Rockburst
  • Longwall
  • Passive seismic velocity tomography
  • Images subtraction