Advertisement

Structural, Morphological, Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Yttrium-Substituted Co-Zn Ferrites Synthesized by Double Sintering Technique

  • M. Das
  • M. N. I. Khan
  • M. A. Matin
  • M. M. UddinEmail author
Original Paper
  • 35 Downloads

Abstract

A series of rare earth Y3+ ion substituted Co-Zn ferrites Co0.5Zn0.5YxFe2-xO4 (x = 0.00 to 0.08 in step of 0.02) have been synthesized by conventional double sintering technique from the oxide powders of Co, Zn, Fe, and Y. The XRD, FESEM, EDS, DC resistivity, dielectric measurements, VSM, and Curie temperature (Tc) analysis have been used to investigate structural, morphological, electrical, and magnetic properties. Single phase of cubic spinel structure has been confirmed up to x < 0.06, and a small amount of secondary phase YFeO3 has also been detected for x > 0.06. The lattice parameter initially decreases than increases with yttrium concentrations. The FESEM image shows that the grains and grain boundaries are distinct and uniformly distributed and the purity has also been endorsed from the EDS spectra. The average grain size decreases at x = 0.02 and then increases with Y substitution. The long range mobility of charge carriers and presence of localized charge carriers with retreat from the Debye-like behavior in the compositions have been explored using electric modulus and impedance. The magnetic strength diminishes owing to existence of magnetic dilution in the A-B interactions subsequent to the Tc declines with the x contents. The value of saturation magnetization decreases with increasing Y3+ contents that indicates that the domain wall motion become tougher due to substitution of foreign ions Y3+ that possess larger ionic radius. Therefore, the Y3+ substituted Co0.5Zn0.5YxFe2-xO4 (x = 0.00 to 0.08 in step of 0.02) ferrites with high resistivity and low losses has implications to be used in high frequency and power supply devices applications.

Keywords

Co-Zn ferrites Rare-earth ions substitution DC resistivity Dielectric properties Magnetic properties 

PACS

75.50.Bb 75.50.Gg 75.60.Ej 75.50.Ss 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the authority of Chittagong University of Engineering and Technology (CUET) for financial support. Authors are also thankful to Materials Science Division (MSD), Atomic Energy Centre, Dhaka (AECD) and Department of Glass and Ceramics Engineering (GCE), Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology for their laboratory support for this work.

References

  1. 1.
    Alone, S.T., Shirsath, S.E., Kadam, R.H., Jadhav, K.M.: J. Alloys Compd. 509, 5055–5060 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Vasoya, N.H., Lakhani, V.K., Sharma, P.U., Modi, K.B., Kumar, R., Joshi, H.H.: J. Phys. Condens. Matter. 18, 8063 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Vanaja, M., Gnanajobitha, G., Paulkumar, K., Rajeshkumar, S., Malarkodi, C., Annadurai, G.: J. Nanostruct. Chem. 3, 17 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jacob, B.P., Thankachan, S., Xavier, S., Mohammed, E.M.: J.Alloy. Compd. 578, 314–319 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Iqbal, M.A., Islam, M., Ali, I., Sadiq, I.: J. Alloy. Compd. 586, 404–410 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cai, X., Xu, B., Wang, J., Li, B., Wu, A., Wang, B., Gao, H., Yu, L., Li, Z.: J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 27, 1328–1336 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cai, X., Wang, J., Li, B., Wu, A., Xu, B., Wang, B., Gao, H., Yu, L., Li, Z.: J. Alloy. Compd. 657, 608–615 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rezlescu, N., Rezlescu, E., Pasnicu, C., Craus, M.L.: J. Phys. Condens. Matter. 6, 5707–5716 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pawar, R.A., Patange, S.M., Tamboli, Q.Y., Ramanathan, V., Shirsath, S.E.: Ceram. Int. 42, 16096–16102 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pawar, R.A., Desai, S.S., Patange, S.M., Jadhav, S.S., Jadhav, K.M.: Physica B. S0921-4526, 30019–30014 (2017)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pradhan, A.K., Mandal, P.R., Bera, K., Saha, S., Nath, T.K.: Physica B: Physics of Condensed Matter. S0921-4526, 30571–30579 (2017)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Vara Prasad, B.B.V.S., Ramesh, K.V., Srinivas, A.: Structural and Soft Magnetic Properties of Nickel-Substituted Co-Zn Nanoferrites. JOSC, Accepted: 11 January 2018Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Shinde, S.S.: Electrical properties of Co-Zn ferrite Doped with Silicon. Int. J. Cur. Res. Rev. 9(9) (2017)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bellad, S.S., Watave, S.C., Chougule, B.K.: J. Mater. Res. Bull. 34, 1099 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Patil, R.S., Kakatkar, S.V., Sankapal, A.M., Sawant, S.R.: Ind. J. Pure Appl. Phys. 32, 193 (1994)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Melagiriyappa, E., Jayanna, H.S., Chougule, B.K.: Mater. Chem. Phys. 112, 68 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ahmed, M.A., Okasha, N., Salah, L.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 264, 241 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Jacobo, S.E., Duhalde, S., Bertorello, H.R.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 272-276, 2253 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Alves, T.E.P., Pessoni, H.V.S., Franco, A.: Jr. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 19, 16395 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ishaque, M., Khan, M.A., Ali, I., Athair, M., Khan, H.M., Iqbal, M.A., Islam, M.U., Warsi, M.F.: Mater. Sci. Semi. Proces. 41, 508–512 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Jacobo, S.E., Bercoff, P.G.: Ceram. Int. 42, 7664 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ishaque, M., Khan, M.A., Ali, I., Khan, H.M., Iqbal, M.A., Islam, M.U., Warsi, M.F.: Ceram. Int. 41, 4028 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Chakrabarty, S., Dutta, A., Pal, M.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 461, 69 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    AliM, A., Khan, M.N.I., Chowdhury, F.U.Z., Hossain, M.M., Hossain, A.K.M.A., Nahar, A., Hoque, S.M., Matin, M.A., Uddin, M.M.: Yttrium substituted Mg-Zn ferrites: correlation of physical properties with Yttrium content, to published. SubmittedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kumari, S., Kumar, V., Kumar, P., Kar, M., Kumar, L.: Adv. Powd. Tech. 26, 213 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Rezlescu, N., Rezlescu, E., Popa, P.D., Rezlescu, L.: J. Alloys Compounds. 275–277, 657–659 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Salah, L.M.: Phys. Status Solidi A. 203(2), 271–281 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Nelson, J.B., Riley, D.: Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond. 57, 160 (1945)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Hemeda, O.M., Barakat, M.M.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 223, 127–132 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Mazen, S.A., Abdallah, M.H., Nakhla, R.I., Zaki, H.M., Metaw, F.: Mater. Chem. Phys. 34, 35–40 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Smit, J., Wijn, H.P.J.: Ferrites. Wiley, NewYork (1959)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Rezlescu, N., Rezlescu, E., Sava, C.L., Tudorache, F., Popa, P.D.: Phys. Stat. Sol. (A). 201, 17 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Gabal, A., Angari, Y.M.A.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 322, 3159–3165 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    ImageJ Software LinkGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Peng, Z., Fu, X., Ge, H., Fu, Z., Wang, C., Qi, L., Miao, H.: Effect of Pr3+ doping on magnetic and dielectric properties of Ni–Zn ferrites by “one-step synthesis”. J. Mag. Magn. Mater. 323, 2513–2518 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Fu, X.L., Ge, H.L., Xing, Q.K., Peng, Z.J.: Mater. Sci. Eng. B. 176, 926–931 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Jonscher, A.K.: Nature (London). 267, 673 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Koops, C.G.: Phys. Rev. 83, 121 (1951)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Maxwell, J.C.: Electricity and magnetism, New York. Oxford University Press (1973)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Wagner, K.W.: Am. Phys. 40, 317 (1973)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Katsmi, K., Mamoru, S., Tatrsuo, I., Katsuya, I.: Bull. Chem. Soc. 48, 1764 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    El-Hiti, M.A.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 192, 305 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Mansour, S.F., Abdo, M.A., El-Dek, S.I.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 422, 105 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Hashim, M., Meena, S.S., Kotnala, R.K., Shirsath, S.E., Bhatt, P., Kumar, S., Şentürk, E., Kumar, R., Alimuddin, A., Gupta, N.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 360, 21 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Ali, M.A., Uddin, M.M., Khan, M.N.I., Chowdhury, F.U.Z., Hoque, S.M.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 424, 148 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Ali, M.A., Khan, M.N.I., Chowdhury, F.U.Z., Akhter, S., Uddin, M.M.: J. Sci. Res. 7, 65 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Verma, K., Kumar, A., Varshney, D.: Curr. Appl. Phys. 13, 467 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Murthy, V.R.K., Sobhanadri, J.: Phys. Status Solidi A. 36, K133 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Macdonald, J.R.: Impedance Spectroscopy: Emphasizing Solid State Material and Systems. Wiley, NewYork (1987)Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Padmasree, K.P., Kanchan, D.D., Kulkami, A.R.: Solid State Ionics. 177, 475 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Sinclair, D.C., West, A.R.: J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3850 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Pachpinde, A.M., Langade, M.M., Lohar, K.S., Patange, S.M., Shirsath, S.E.: Chem. Phys. 429, 20–26 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Lwin, N., Othman, R., Sreekantan, S., Fauzi, M.N.A.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 385, 433–440 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Gul, I.H., Abbasi, A.Z., Amin, F., Anis-ur-Rehman, M., Maqsood, A.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 311, 494–499 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Shirsath, S.E., Toksha, B.G., Jadhav, K.M.: Mater. Chem. Phys. 117(1), 163–168 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Fan, X.F., Ren, H.P., Zhang, Y.H., Guo, S.H., Wang, X.L.: Rare Metals. 27, 287–291 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Dunn, I.H., Jacobo, S.E., Bercoff, P.G.: J. Alloys Compd. 691, 130–137 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Das
    • 1
  • M. N. I. Khan
    • 2
  • M. A. Matin
    • 3
  • M. M. Uddin
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsChittagong University of Engineering and Technology (CUET)ChattogramBangladesh
  2. 2.Materials Science Division, Atomic Energy CenterDhakaBangladesh
  3. 3.Department of Glass and Ceramic EngineeringBangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET)DhakaBangladesh

Personalised recommendations