Excess Conductivity and Magnetoconductivity Analysis of (NiO)x (Bi,Pb)-2223 Superconducting Phase


The excess conductivity and magnetoconductivity of (NiO)x(Bi,Pb)-2223 were analyzed using the Aslamazov and Larkin (AL model) in order to obtain the coherence lengths ξab(0), ξc(0) at 0 K and the anisotropic parameter Γ. Both ξab(0) and ξc(0) values increase with the addition of NiO nanoparticles The anisotropic parameter values Γ in this study are less than those reported due to the polycrystalline nature of these samples.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3


  1. 1.

    Rahal, H.T., Awad, R., Gaber, A.A., Roumie, M.: J.Supercond. Nov. Magn. 1971, 30 (2016)

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Rahal, H.T., Awad, R., Abdel-Gaber, A.M.: Physica B: Condens. Matter. (2017) In press

  3. 3.

    Rahal, H.T., Abdel-Gaber, A.M., Awad, R.: Corrosion behavior of a superconductor with different SnO2 nanoparticles in simulated seawater solution. Chem. Eng. Commun. 204, 348–355 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Rahal, H.T., Abdel-Gaber, A.M., Awad, R.: Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 12, 10115 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Abou-Aly, A. I., Mahmoud, S. A., Awad, R., &Barakat, M. M. E: J. Supercond. Nov. Magn, 23, 1575 (2010), Electrical resistivity and magnetoresistance studies of (Bi,Pb)-2223 phase substituted by Ru, 1588

  6. 6.

    Saoudel, A., Amira, A., Mahamdioua, N., Boudjadja, Y., Varilci, A., Altintas, S.P., Terzioglu, C.: Physica B: Condens.Matter. 501, 61–67 (2016)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Takahira, S., Ichino, Y., Yoshida, Y.: Phys. Procedia. 65, 153–156 (2015)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Abou-Aly, A.I., Gawad, M.A., Awad, R., G-Eldeen, I.: Improving the physical properties of (Bi, Pb)-2223 phase by SnO2 nano-particles addition. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 24, 2077–2084 (2011)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Habanjar, K., Barakat, M.M.E., Awad, R.: J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 012030, 869 (2017)

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Aslamazov, L. G., & Larkin, A. I.:Sov. Phys. Solid State 10,1104(1968)

  11. 11.

    Maki, K.: The critical fluctuation of the order parameter in type-II superconductors. Prog. Theor. Phys. 39, 897–906 (1968)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Thompson, R.S.: Phys. Rev. B1, 327 (1970)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Abou-Aly, A.I., Mohammed, N.H., Awad, R., Motaweh, H.A., Bakeer, D.E.S.: J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 2419, 26 (2013)

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Aly, A.I., Mohammed, N.H., Awad, R., Motaweh, H.A., Bakeer, D.E.S.: J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 2281, 25 (2012)

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Lawrence W.E, Doniach S.; in Proc. 12th Conf. Low-Temp. Phys.,361(1970)

  16. 16.

    Hikami, S., Larkin, A.I.: Magnetoresistance of high temperature superconductors. Mod. Phys. Lett. B. 2, 693–698 (1988)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Matsuda, Y., Hirai, T., Komiyama, S.: Magnetoresistance in YBa2Cu3O7-δ above Tc: superconducting fluctuations and strong pair-breaking. Solid State Commun. 68, 103–110 (1988)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Rahal, H. T., Awad, R., Abdel-Gaber, A. M., &Bakeer, D.: J.Nanomater., 2017 (2017).https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7460323

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Rahal, H. T., Awad, R., & Abdel-Gaber, A. M.: J. Phys. Conf. Ser., 869, 012026 (2017), Thermopower of NiO/(Bi, Pb)-2223 composite

  20. 20.

    Barakat, M. M.: Results in physics, 7, 1181(2017), Influence of adding BaSnO3 nanoparticles on magnetic transport properties for CuTl-1223 phase, 1189

  21. 21.

    Abou-Aly, A.I., Awad, R., Ibrahim, I.H., Abdeen, W.: Excess conductivity analysis for Tl0.8Hg0.2Ba2Ca2Cu3O9−δ substituted by Sm and Yb. Solid State Commun. 149, 281–285 (2009)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Reggiani, L., Vaglio, R., Varlamo, A.A.: Fluctuation conductivity of layered high-Tc superconductors: a theoretical analysis of recent experiments. Phys. Rev. B. 44, 9541–9546 (1991)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Lobb, C.J.: Critical fluctuations in high-Tcsuperconductors. Phys. Rev. B. 36, 3930–3932 (1987)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Hohenberg, P.C., Halperin, B.I.: Theory of dynamic critical phenomena. Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 435–479 (1977)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Harbor, A., Harbor, N.A., Deletter, M., Optoelectron, J.: Adv. Mater. 8, 1072 (2006)

    Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Fruchter, L., Sfar, I., Bouquet, F., Li, Z.Z., Raffy, H.: Nonlinear excess conductivity ofBi2Sr2Can−1CunO2n+4+x(n=1,2)thin films. Phys. Rev. B. 69, 144511 (2004)

  27. 27.

    Roumié, M., Abdeen, W., Awad, R., Korek, M., Hassan, I., Mawassi, R.: Excess conductivity analysis of Bi1.8Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Cu3O10+δ added with nano-ZnO and nano-Fe2O3. J. Low Temp. Phys. 174(45), 45–63 (2014)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    Glowacki, B.A., Majoros, M., Vicker, M., Eisterer, M., Toenies, S., Weber, H.W., Fukutomi, M., Komori, K., Togano, K.: Supercond. Sci. Technol. 16, 297 (2003)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    Giannini, E., Gladyshevskii, R., Clayton, N., Musolino, N., Garnier, V., Piriou, A., Flükiger, R.: Curr. Appl. Phys. 8, 115 (2008)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


The authors appreciate the efforts of the researchers in the superconductivity and metallic-glass lab, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt, for assisting through the experimental work.

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to R. Awad.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Awad, R., Rahal, H.T., Abdel-Gaber, A.M. et al. Excess Conductivity and Magnetoconductivity Analysis of (NiO)x (Bi,Pb)-2223 Superconducting Phase. J Supercond Nov Magn 32, 2733–2737 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10948-019-5035-2

Download citation


  • (Bi,Pb)-2223
  • NiO nanoparticles
  • Anisotropic parameter