Structural and magnetic characteristics of Zn0.94Mg0.01Mn0.05O (ZnMgMnO) nanoparticles synthesized by Sol-Gel preparation technique in a wide temperature range were reported. The influence of annealing temperature on the crystal structure of ZnMgMnO nanoparticles was figured out by X-ray diffraction technique (XRD). To optimize the annealing temperature and reveal the particle formation and size, Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) imaging technique was performed. The required stoichiometry of the synthesized samples was obtained by an energy dispersive X-ray analysis technique (EDX). Quantum Design Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (QDVSM) tool was used for the magnetic characterizations of Zn0.94Mg0.01Mn0.05O composition. Magnetization measurements as a function of magnetic field (M-H) were performed in the magnetic field up to 10 kOe. Temperature dependence of magnetization measurements (M-T) was taken between 10 and 320 K temperature ranges.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Tosun, M., Ataoglu, S., Arda, L., Ozturk, O., Asikuzun, E., Akcan, D., Cakiroglu, O.: Structural and mechanical properties of ZnMgO nanoparticles. Mater. Sci. Eng. A. 590, 416–422 (2014)
Heiba, Z.K., Arda, L., Mohammed, M.B., Nasser, Y.M., Dogan, N.: Effect of annealing temperature on structural and magnetic properties of Zn0.94Co0.05Cu0.01O. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 26, 3487–3493 (2013)
Boyraz, C., Dogan, N., Arda, L.: Microstructure and magnetic behavior of (Mg/Ni) co-doped ZnO nanoparticles. Ceram. Int. 43, 15986–15991 (2017)
Asikuzun, E., Ozturk, O., Arda, L., Terzioglu, C.: Preparation, growth and characterization of nonvacuum Cu-doped ZnO thin films. J. Mol. Struct. 1165, 1–7 (2018)
Heiba, Z.K., Arda, L.: XRD, XPS, optical, and Raman investigations of structural changes of nanoCo-doped ZnO. J. Mol. Struct. 1022, 167–171 (2012)
Asikuzun, E., Ozturk, O., Arda, L., Akcan, D., Senol, S.D., Terzioglu, C.: Preparation, structural and micromechanical properties of (Al/Mg) co-doped ZnO nanoparticles by sol–gel process. J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26, 8147 (2015)
Akcan, D., Gungor, A., Arda, L.: Structural and optical properties of Na-doped ZnO films. J. Mol. Struct. 1161, 299–305 (2018)
Kaya, S., Akcan, D., Ozturk, O., Arda, L.: Enhanced mechanical properties of yttrium doped ZnO nanoparticles as determined by instrumented indentation technique. Ceram. Int. 44, 10306 (2018)
Jantrasee, S., Pinitsoontorn, S., Moontragoon, P.: Optical and magnetic properties of doped ZnO: experimental and simulation. J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 18, 1033 (2016)
Boyraz, C., Yesilbas, B., Arda, L.: The temperature effect on structural and magnetic properties of Zn0.95Fe0.05O nanoparticles. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 30, 1691–1698 (2017)
Sikam, P., Moontragoon, P., Jumpatam, J., Pinitsoontorn, S., Thongbai, P., Kamwanna, T.: Structural, optical, electronic and magnetic properties of Fe-doped ZnO nanoparticles synthesized by combustion method and first-principle calculation. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 29, 3155–3166 (2016)
Goano, M., Bertazzi, F., Penna, M., Bellotti, E.: Electronic structure of wurtzite ZnO: nonlocal pseudopotential and ab initio calculations. J. Appl. Phys. 102, 083709 (2007)
Ohtomo, A., Kawasaki, M., Koida, T., Masubuchi, K., Koinuma, Y., Sakurai, H., Yoshida, Y., Yasuda, T., Segawa, Y.: MgxZn1−xOMgxZn1−xO as a II–VI widegap semiconductor alloy. Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2466–2468 (1998)
Moontragoon, P., Pinitsoontorn, S., Thongbai, P.: Mn-doped ZnO nanoparticles: preparation, characterization, and calculation of electronic and magnetic properties. Microelectron. Eng. 108, 158 (2013)
Bouzerar, G., Ziman, T.: Model for vacancy-induced d0 ferromagnetism in oxide compounds. Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 207602 (2006)
Dorpe, P.V., Motsnyi, V.F., Nijboer, M., Goovaerts, E., Safarov, V.I., Das, J., Roy, W.V., Borghs, G., Boeck, J.D.: Highly efficient room temperature spin injection in a metal-insulator-semiconductor light-emitting diode. Jap. Soc. App. Phys. 42, L502–L504 (2003)
Korbecka, A., Majewski, J.A.: On the origin of room-temperature ferromagnetism in wide-gap semiconductors. J. Low Temp. Phys. 35, 53–57 (2009)
Karmakar, D., Mandal, S.K., Kadam, R.M., Paulose, P.L., Rajarajan, A.K., Nath, T.K., Das, A.K., Dasgupta, I., Das, G.P.: Ferromagnetism in Fe-doped ZnO nanocrystals: experiment and theory. Phys. Rev. B. 75, 144404 (2007)
Prater, J.T., Ramachandran, S., Tiwari, A., Narayan, J.: Effect of Al doping on the magnetic and electrical properties of Zn(Cu)O based diluted magnetic semiconductors. J. Electron. Mater. 35, 852–856 (2006)
Li, J.H., Shen, D.Z., Zhang, J.Y., Zhao, D.X., Li, B.S., Lu, Y.M., Liu, Y.C., Fan, X.W.: The effect of Mn2+ doping on structure and photoluminescence of ZnO Nano films synthesized by sol gel method. J. Lumin. 352, 122–123 (2007)
Sharma, A., Gupta, K.V., Rao, F.J., Owens, R., Sharma, R., Ahuja, J.M.O., Guillen, B., Johansson, G.: Ferromagnetism above room temperature in bulk and transparent thin films of Mn-doped ZnO. Nat. Mater. 2, 673–677 (2003)
Kundaliya, D.C., Ogale, S.B., Lofland, S.E., Dhar, S., Metting, C.J., Shinde, S.R., Ma, Z., Varughese, B., Ramanujachary, K.V., Riba, L.S., Venkatesan, T.: On the origin of high-temperature ferromagnetism in the low-temperature processed Mn–Zn–O system. Nat. Mater. 3, 709–714 (2004)
Arda, L., Dogan, N., Boyraz, C.: Effects of annealing temperature on microstructure and magnetic properties of Ni0.05Zn0.95Fe2O4 nanoparticles. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 31, 365–371 (2018)
The presented work was supported by the Research Fund of Bahcesehir University (Project No. BAU-BAP.2018.02.16).
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Guler, A., Tosun, M., Gungor, A. et al. Effect of Annealing Temperature on Structure and Magnetic Properties of Zn0.94Mg0.01Mn0.05O Nanoparticles. J Supercond Nov Magn 32, 2773–2780 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10948-019-5024-5
- ZnMgMnO nanoparticles
- Magnetic properties