Ex Situ MgB2 Superconducting Tape with Very High Critical Current Density by Using Low-Temperature Sintering Precursor Powders

  • X. G. Sun
  • X. S. Yang
  • X. F. PanEmail author
  • D. Xi
  • Q. Y. Wang
  • G. Yan
  • Y. Feng
  • Y. ZhaoEmail author
Original Paper


Ex situ MgB2 is usually considered as with lower critical current density (Jc) compared to the in situ one due to much worse inter-granular connectivity. In this work, we reported the fabrication of ex situ MgB2 superconducting tape without dopants using Monel as sheath materials and Nb as the barrier, which has an excellent Jc of 705 A/mm2 at 4.2 K under 4 T, almost as same as the in situ MgB2 wires. Massive and high-quality precursor powders with small grain sizes and quite low oxygen content were sintered at relatively low temperature and short time, 580 C for 3 h. The effects of heat-treatment conditions and tape thickness on the microstructure and Jc of ex situ MgB2 tapes were discussed. The results suggested that the improvement of grains-connectivity was responsible to the excellent Jc properties of ex situ MgB2 tape.


MgB2 superconductor Critical current density Ex situ Tape and wire 



This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Plan (no. SQ2017YFE030073), the Program of International S&T Cooperation (grant no. 2013DFA51050), and the National Nature Science Foundation of China (grant nos. 51271155, 51377138, and 11405138).


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology of Materials (Ministry of Education), Superconductivity and New Energy R&D CenterSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.Western Superconducting Technologies, Co. Ltd (WST)Xi’anChina
  3. 3.Northwest Institute for Non-ferrous Metal Research (NIN)Xi’anChina
  4. 4.College of Physics and EnergyFujian Normal UniversityFuzhouChina

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