Mössbauer Studies and Magnetic Properties of Cubic CuFe2O4 Nanoparticles

  • Md. Amir
  • H. Gungunes
  • Y. Slimani
  • N. Tashkandi
  • H. S. El Sayed
  • F. Aldakheel
  • M. Sertkol
  • H. Sozeri
  • A. Manikandan
  • I. Ercan
  • A. BaykalEmail author
Original Paper


This study reports the preparation and characterization of nanocrystalline spinel powder of cubic copper ferrite nanoparticles (NPs) which have been fabricated via a cost-effective citrate sol–gel approach. The structural and morphological properties of the nanoparticles are analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform spectroscopy (FT-IR), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) whereas magnetic properties and Mössbauer analysis were performed using vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and Mössbauer spectra, respectively, and were characterized in detail. The empirical aim of this study is to perceive the transition phase of CuFe2O4 as cubic symmetry which was confirmed by SEM images, and a couple of studies reported on the cubic structure of copper ferrite and discussed the magnetic properties. However, the present study gives the detailed information of the formation of cubic structure and magnetic behavior of the CuFe2O4 cubic structure. X-ray diffraction measurements of resulting NPs show that the grain size of the particles is about 42.08 nm while SEM analysis showed that the particles have cubic nanostructured shapes with non-homogeneous sizes in around 80–100 nm. From 57Fe, Mössbauer parameters consist of one superparamagnetic doublet and superposition of four sextets. VSM result shows the enhanced superparamagnetic nature of the CuFe2O4 NPs.


CuFe2O4 NPs Cubic structure Superparamagnetism Mössbauer study Cation distribution 


Funding Information

The Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR) and Institute for Research and Medical Consultations (IRMC) of Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University are highly acknowledged for providing the financial assistance for this study (project application number: 2017-605-IRMC).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Md. Amir
    • 1
  • H. Gungunes
    • 2
  • Y. Slimani
    • 3
  • N. Tashkandi
    • 4
  • H. S. El Sayed
    • 4
  • F. Aldakheel
    • 4
  • M. Sertkol
    • 5
  • H. Sozeri
    • 6
  • A. Manikandan
    • 7
  • I. Ercan
    • 3
  • A. Baykal
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Instrument Design and Development Centre (IDDC)Indian Institute of Technology DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsHitit UniversityÇevre Yolu Bulvarı-ÇorumTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Biophysics, Institute for Research and Medical Consultations (IRMC)Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Department of Nano-Medicine Research, Institute for Research and Medical Consultations (IRMC)Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  5. 5.Deanship of Preparatory Year, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  6. 6.TÜBITAK-UMENational Metrology InstituteGebzeTurkey
  7. 7.Department of Chemistry, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and ResearchBharath UniversityChennaiIndia

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