Martensitic Transformation and Magnetic Properties of the CuAl, CuAlMn, and CuAlMnZn Alloys

  • Y. Emre Gerdan
  • E. Aldirmaz
  • M. Guler
  • H. Tanak
  • E. Guler
Original Paper


In the present work, the effect of alloying elements on the phase transformation which are formed by cooling effect in CuAl, CuAlMn, and CuAlMnZn (wt%) alloys are investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) characterization techniques. From SEM observations, the martensite formation with different morphologies is observed in these alloys. But the results of the scanning electron microscope investigations presented in this work have not formed the precipitates in the CuAl alloy with Mn or Zn additions. We found that magnetic saturation and coercivity values decreased with the addition of Mn and Zn elements to the CuAl alloy. The findings confirmed the variation in magnetic properties, which occurred in the result of adding different alloying elements.


Alloying Phase transformations Magnetic properties Magnetic field Magnetization 


Funding Information

The financial aid of the Amasya University project No. FMB-BAP 17-0250 is gratefully acknowledged.


  1. 1.
    Funakubo, H.: Shape Memory Alloys (Translated from Japanese by J. B. Kennedy). Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, New York (1987)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sutou, Y., Omori, T., Kainuma, R., Ishida, K.: Ductile Cu-Al-Mn based shape memory alloys: general properties and applications. Mater. Sci. Technol. 24(8), 896–901 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Miyazaki, S., Fu, Y.Q., Huang, W.M.: Thin Film Shape Memory Alloys: Fundamentals and Device Applications. Cambridge University Press, New York (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Canbay, C.A., Tataroglu, A., Dere, A., Al-Ghamdi, A., Yakuphanoglu, F.: A new shape memory alloy film/p-Si solar light four quadrant detector for solar tracking applications. J. Alloys Compd. 688, 762–768 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kciuk, M., Chwastek, K., Kluszczynski, K., Szczygłowski, J.: A study on hysteresis behaviour of SMA linear actuators based on unipolar sigmoid and hyperbolic tangent functions. Sensors Actuators A 243, 52–58 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fu, Y., Huang, W., Du, H., Huang, X., Tan, J., Gao, X.: Characterization of TiNi shape-memory alloy thin films for MEMS applications. Surf. Coat. Technol. 145, 107–112 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Han, J.H., Yoon, J., Jee, K.K., Vlassak, J.J.: Thermoelastic strain in polycrystalline Fe-Pd shape memory alloy thin film. Thin Solid Films 546, 196–199 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ullakko, K., Huang, J.K., Kantner, C., O’Handley, R.C., Kokorin, V.V.: Large magnetic-field-induced strains in Ni2MnGa single crystals. Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1966–1968 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Coll, R., Escoda, L., Saurina, J., Sacnhez-Llamazares, L., Hernando, B., Sunol, J.J.: Martensitic transformation in Mn–Ni–Sn Heusler alloys. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 99, 905–909 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jiles, D.: Introduction to Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 2nd edn. Chapman and Hall, London & New York (1998)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jiles, D.C.: Recent advances and future directions in magnetic materials. Acta Mater. 51, 5907–5939 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Callister, W.D. Jr: Materials science and engineering introduction: an introduction, 7th edn. Wiley, New York (2007)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Carvalho, T.M., Adorno, A.T., Santos C.M.A., Silva, R.A.G.: IX Congresso Brasileiro de Análise Térmica e Calorimetria 09 a 12 de novembro de 2014 – Serra Negra – SP – BrasilGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kumar, P., Jain, A.K., Hussain, S., Pandey, A., Dasgupta, R.: Changes in the properties of Cu-Al-Mn shape memory alloy due to quaternary addition of different elements. Revistamateria 20(1), 284–292 (2015)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mallik, U.S., Sampath, V.: Influence of quaternary alloying additions on transformation temperatures and shape memory properties of Cu-Al-Mn shape memory alloy. J. Alloys Comp. 469, 156– 163 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yang, S., Su, Y., Wang, C., Liu, X.: Microstructure and properties of Cu–Al–Fe high-temperature shape memory alloys. Mater. Sci. Eng. B 185, 67–73 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Virtanen, P., Tiainen, T., Lepisto, T.: Precipitation at faceting grain boundaries of Cu-Ni-Sn alloys. Mat. Sci. Eng. A 251, 269 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sasmaz, M., Bayri, A., Aydoğdu, Y.: The magnetic behavior and physical characterization of Cu-Mn-Al ferromagnetic shape memory alloy. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 24(1-2), 757–762 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kouvel, J.S.: Exchange anisotropy in alloys of composition (Ni, Fe)3Mn. J. Phys. Chem. Solids. 16, 152–157 (1960)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Cullity, B.D.: Introduction to Magnetic Materials, vol. 134. Addison-Wesley, Reading (1972)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Prado, M.O., Lovey, F.C., Civale, L.: Magnetic properties of Cu–Mn–Al alloys with shape memory effect. Acta Mater. 46, 137–147 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Aldirmaz, E., Guler, M., Guler, E.: Investigation of magnetic properties of phase transformations in copper-based alloys. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 30(5), 1257–1261 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Aldirmaz, E.: Investigation of the magnetic behavior and physical properties of Cu-25.50%Mn-3.72%Zn Alloy. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 30(11), 3161–3166 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Likhachev, A.A., Ullakko, K.: Fifth European symposium on martensitic transformations and shape memory alloys. J. Phys. IV France 11, Pr8-293–Pr8-298 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Murakami, Y., Shindo, D., Oikawa, K., Kainuma, R., Ishida, K.: Magnetic domain structures in Co-Ni-Al shape memory alloys studied by Lorentz microscopy and electron holography. Acta Mater. 50, 2173–2184 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kouvel, J.S.: The ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic properties of copper-manganese and silver-manganese alloys. Phys. Chem. Solids 21, 57–70 (1961)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of SciencesAmasya UniversityAmasyaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Science and Arts FacultyAmasya UniversityAmasyaTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Physics, Science and Arts FacultyHitit UniversityCorumTurkey

Personalised recommendations