Abnormal Transport and Magnetic Properties Induced by Change of the Phase Volume Ratio for YBa2Cu3O7-δ /La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 Hybrids
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Two elaborately designed hybrids consisting of superconducting YBa2Cu3O7-δ (YBCO) and ferromagnetic La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO), namely 20 × (YBCO(m)/LSMO(100 − m)) are prepared on single crystal SrTiO3 (STO) by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) with 20 being repetition periods and m = 90 and 10, respectively, which represents YBCO pulse number in a period. The films show highly c-oriented and epitaxial quality, suggested by XRD 𝜃–2𝜃 scans and pole figures. The 20 × (YBCO90/LSMO10) sample with a large YBCO volume fraction exhibits the typical character of a metal superconductor at about 90 K, while its transition width reaches 9.1 K, which is nearly eight times of that of the pure YBCO film. Above the superconducting transition temperature, a superparamagnetic signal rather than ferromagnetic behavior is observed, which may be associated with a diluted system consisting of the ferromagnetic nanoparticles embedded in the superconducting films. For the hybrid with a small YBCO volume fraction, i.e., the 20 × (YBCO10/LSMO90) sample, its transport behavior at normal state is insulating, and it is found that the Mott variable range hopping conduction dominates in this insulating phase in the temperature range 70–310 K. Obviously distinguishable insulator to superconductor (IS) transition occurs at 52 K, but the superconducting diamagnetic signals are very weak in the magnetic measurements below the IS temperature. For this sample, the magnetization loop at 100 K is ferromagnetic, yet manifested by a reduced coercive field and residual magnetization as compared with a pure LSMO film. In fact, both hybrids represent two kinds of nanocomposites, i.e., superconducting nanoparticles in a ferromagnetic matrix and ferromagnetic nanoparticles in a superconducting matrix, which benefits to study interfacial interactions due to an increased interface to value ratio and reduced size effect.
KeywordsYBCO/LSMO Abnormal transport properties Superparamagnetic
The authors would like thank Prof. Zhe Li at the Magnetic Materials and Devices of Qujing Normal University for his helpful discussion.
This work is partly sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 11404005), the Undergraduate Training Programs for Innovation and Entrepreneurship of Anhui University of Science and Technology (No. 201610361282), and the Opening Project of Shanghai Key Laboratory of High Temperature Superconductors.
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