The Spin Wave Gap and Switching Field in Thin Films with In-Plane Anisotropy
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In this paper, we have calculated the spin wave gap and the angular dependence of magnetization reversal in a single-layer thin magnetic film that includes the strong perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and in-plane anisotropy. The film is assumed to be under the influence of the out-of-plane direction of the applied magnetic field at zero temperature. Using the quantum model, it is shown that the calculated equations present a nonzero spin wave gap at zero magnetic field which is strongly affected by anisotropies. The effects of the in-plane anisotropy and the role of the applied field were examined. We also discussed a simple theoretical model for the angular variation of switching field by using a quasi-classical argument. We used some constants in connection with experimental data which are reported for chromium telluride thin films grown by molecular beam epitaxy.
KeywordsMagnetic anisotropy Spin wave gap Switching field
The authors thank Tanmoy Pramanik, from The University of Texas, for the experimental data of Cr2Te3.
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