Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 1119–1126 | Cite as

Mechanism of Enhanced Carbon Substitution in CNT-MgB2 Superconductor Composite Using Ball Milling in a Methanol Medium: Positive Role of Boron Oxide

  • Fahad Saad Alghamdi
  • M. ShahabuddinEmail author
  • Nasser S. Alzayed
  • Niyaz Ahamad Madhar
  • Jafar M. Parakkandy
  • M. A. Majeed Khan
  • Aslam Khan
  • Md. Shahriar Al Hossain
Original Paper


In the present work, we report on the role of the methanol medium and ball-milling time in the substitution of carbon in carbon nanotube CNT-MgB2 superconductors. In our samples, we find that the CNTs are intact and well dispersed. However, the liquid medium (methanol) used for dispersion of the constituent materials is also acting as a source of C for substitution. However, the substitution of C from methanol is not direct; rather, B2O3, which had been considered as just an impurity, plays a positive role in binding the methanol molecules to the surface of B. The detailed mechanism of methanol absorption and the role of B2O3 and ball-milling time are presented here. In addition, we present the J C(H, T) data, which show that approximately 3% of C substitution provides the best critical current density at 20 K.


MgB2 Superconductivity CNT Chemisorption Ball milling Critical current density Pinning force 



The authors would like to extend their sincere appreciation to the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University for its funding of this research through the Research Group Project No. RGP-290.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fahad Saad Alghamdi
    • 1
  • M. Shahabuddin
    • 2
    Email author
  • Nasser S. Alzayed
    • 2
  • Niyaz Ahamad Madhar
    • 2
  • Jafar M. Parakkandy
    • 3
  • M. A. Majeed Khan
    • 4
  • Aslam Khan
    • 4
  • Md. Shahriar Al Hossain
    • 5
  1. 1.National Center for NanotechnologyKing Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST)RiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Physics and Astronomy, College of ScienceKing Saud University (KSU)RiyadhSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of Physics, College of Science and Humanity StudiesPrince Sattam bin Abdulaziz UniversityAlkharjSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.King Abdullah Institute for Nanotechnology (KAIN)King Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  5. 5.Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, Australian Institute for Innovative MaterialsUniversity of WollongongNorth WollongongAustralia

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