Effect of Potassium Chloride as a Supporting Electrolyte on the Dispersion Towards the Fabrication of Films by Electrophoretic Deposition of Bi2Sr2CaCu2 O 8 in Ethanol

  • M. M. RoseteEmail author
  • MA. H. Zosa
  • R. V. Sarmago
Original Paper


Bi2Sr2CaCu2 O 8 (Bi-2212) powder was fabricated using solid state reaction method. The suspensions were prepared containing finely ground Bi-2212 powder with and without potassium chloride (KCl) addition. Settling experiments and measurements of zeta potential, particle size distribution, and electrophoretic mobility were performed to determine the optimal concentration of the supporting electrolyte. Bi-2212 suspensions were used in electrophoretic deposition (EPD), and the films were heat treated. The results showed that the optimal concentration of KCl is 5.21 wt %. The zeta potential at this concentration is highest at about 31.10 mV, the settling velocity is lowest ∼3.84 mm/min, and the particle size is smallest (∼450 nm), which indicate that the dispersion is better due to the reduction of intermolecular attraction. The effects of KCl as a flux were observed in the microstructure and superconducting properties of Bi-2212 film. The smoothest surface morphology, high c-axis orientation, and highest critical temperature (T c )-onset of 84.73 K were obtained from the film prepared with optimized Bi-2212 suspension.


Superconductors Thin films Inorganic compounds Electrochemical techniques 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mining, Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringCollege of Engineering, University of the Philippines DilimanQuezon CityPhilippines
  2. 2.Materials Science and Engineering ProgramUniversity of the Philippines, DilimanQuezon CityPhilippines
  3. 3.National Institute of PhysicsUniversity of the Philippines DilimanQuezon CityPhilippines

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