Advertisement

Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 29, Issue 12, pp 3017–3022 | Cite as

Charge Variations in Cuprate Superconductors from Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

  • Steven Reichardt
  • Michael Jurkutat
  • Andreas Erb
  • Jürgen Haase
Original Paper

Abstract

Charge inhomogeneities in the cuprates were reported early on and have been in the focus of much research recently. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is very sensitive to local charge symmetry through the electric quadrupole interaction that must detect any static charge density variation. Recent experiments in high magnetic fields that seem to induce charge density waves in some systems have rekindled the interest in static inhomogeneities. It has long been known that excessive NMR linewidths can be observed in all cuprates, but with the exception of a few materials. However, the relation of the quadrupolar linewidths with respect to variations of the charge density in the cuprates is not understood. Here, we investigate YBa2Cu3O7 and we find even in a moderate magnetic field that below about 200 K, i.e., well above T c, a temperature dependent NMR linewidth appears that must be related to incipient static charge density variations. We argue that this establishes field induced charge density variation as a more general phenomenon in the cuprates. In view of the very recent understanding of the relation between the hole distribution in the CuO2 plane and T c, it is argued that charge density variations are ubiquitous, but appear not related to the maximum T c.

Keywords

Cuprates Charge density NMR Inhomogeneity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We acknowledge the financial support from the University of Leipzig and the European Social Fund (ESF). We thank G.V.M. Williams, J. Kohlrautz, and D. Rybicki for helpful discussions.

References

  1. 1.
    Jurkutat, M., Rybicki, D., Sushkov, O.P., Williams, G.V.M. , Erb, A., Haase, J.: Phys. Rev. B 90, 140504 (2014). doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.90.140504
  2. 2.
    Keimer, B., Kivelson, S.A., Norman, M.R., Uchida, S., Zaanen, J.: Nature 518, 179 (2015). doi: 10.1038/nature14165 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rybicki, D., Jurkutat, M., Reichardt, S., Kapusta, C., Haase, J.: Nat. Commun. 7, 11413 (2016). doi: 10.1038/ncomms11413 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Haase, J., Sushkov, O.P., Horsch, P., Williams, G.V.M.: Phys. Rev. B 69, 094504 (2004). doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.69.094504 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tranquada, J.M., Sternlieb, B.J., Axe, J.D., Nakamura, Y., Uchida, S.: Nature 375, 561 (1995). doi: 10.1038/375561a0 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bianconi, A., Saini, N.L., Lanzara, A., Missori, M., Rossetti, T., Oyanagi, H., Yamaguchi, H., Oka, K., Ito, T.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3412 (1996). doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.76.3412 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hoffman, J.C., McElroy, J. E., Lee, K., Lang, D.-H., Eisaki, K. M, Uchida, H., Davis, S.: Science 297, 1148 (2002). doi: 10.1126/science.1072640
  8. 8.
    Hunt, A.W., Singer, P.M., Cederström, A.F., Imai, T.: Phys. Rev. B 64, 134525 (2001). doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.64.134525 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wu, T., Mayaffre, H., Krämer, S., Horvatić, M., Berthier, C., Hardy, W.N., Liang, R., Bonn, D.A., Julien, M.H.: Nature 477, 191 (2011). doi: 10.1038/nature10345 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wu, T., Mayaffre, H., Krämer, S., Horvatić, M., Berthier, C., Kuhns, P.L., Reyes, A.P., Liang, R., Hardy, W.N., Bonn, D.A., Julien, M.H.: Nat. Commun. 4, 2113 (2013). doi: 10.1038/ncomms3113 ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wu, T., Mayaffre, H., Krämer, S., Horvatić, M., Berthier, C., Hardy, W., Liang, R., Bonn, D., Julien, M.H.: Nat. Commun. 6, 6438 (2015). doi: 10.1038/ncomms7438 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ghiringhelli, G., Le Tacon, M., Minola, M., Blanco-Canosa, S., Mazzoli, C., Brookes, N.B., De Luca, G.M., Frano, A., Hawthorn, D.G., He, F., Loew, T., Sala, M.M., Peets, D.C., Salluzzo, M., Schierle, E., Sutarto, R., Sawatzky, G.a., Weschke, E., Keimer, B., Braicovich, L.: Science 337, 821 (2012). doi: 10.1126/science.1223532
  13. 13.
    Poccia, N., Ricci, A., Campi, G., Fratini, M., Puri, A., Gioacchino, D.D., Marcelli, A., Reynolds, M., Burghammer, M., Saini, N.L., Aeppli, G., Bianconi, A.: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109(39), 15685 (2012). doi: 10.1073/pnas.1208492109 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Campi, G., Bianconi, A., Poccia, N., Bianconi, G., Barba, L., Arrighetti, G., Innocenti, D., Karpinski, J., Zhigadlo, N.D., Kazakov, S.M., Burghammer, M., Zimmermann, M.v., Sprung, M., Ricci, A.: Nature 525, 359 (2015). doi: 10.1038/nature14987 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Erb, A., Walker, E., Flükiger, R.: Phys. C Supercond. 258, 9 (1996). doi: 10.1016/0921-4534(95)00807-1 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Haase, J., Slichter, C., Stern, R., Milling, C., Hinks, D.: Phys. C Supercond. 341-348, 1727 (2000). doi: 10.1016/S0921-4534(00)00952-7 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Haase, J., Slichter, C.P., Milling, C.T.: J. Supercond. 15, 339 (2002). doi: 10.1023/A:1021014028677 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ohsugi, S., Kitaoka, Y., Ishida, K., Zheng, G.q., Asayama, K.: J. Phys. Soc. Japan 63, 700 (1994). doi: 10.1143/JPSJ.63.700 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yoshinari, Y., Yasuoka, H., Ueda, Y., Koga, K.i., Kosuge, K.: J. Phys. Soc. Japan 59, 3698 (1990). doi: 10.1143/JPSJ.59.3698 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Williams, G.: Phys. Rev. B 76, 094502 (2007). doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.76.094502
  21. 21.
    Rybicki, D., Hasse, J., Lux, M., Jurkutat, M., Greven, M., Yu, G., Li, Y., Zhao, X.: (2012). arXiv:1208.4690
  22. 22.
    Zheng, G.q. , Kitaoka, Y., Asayama, K., Hamada, K., Yamauchi, H., Tanaka, S.: Phys. C Supercond. 260, 197 (1996). doi: 10.1016/0921-4534(96)00092-5 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zimmermann, H., Brinkmann, D., Mali, M., Roos, J., Greuter, F., Kluge-Weiss, P.: Phys. C Supercond. 153-155, 739 (1988). doi: 10.1016/S0921-4534(88)80064-9 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Haase, J., Curro, N.J., Slichter, C.P.: J. Magn. Reson. 135, 273 (1998). doi: 10.1006/jmre.1998.1579
  25. 25.
    Rybicki, D., Haase, J., Greven, M., Yu, G., Li, Y., Cho, Y., Zhao, X.: J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 22, 179 (2009). doi: 10.1007/s10948-008-0376-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Lee, J. A., Xin, Y., Halperin, W. P., Reyes, A. P. P. L., Chan, M. K., Dorow, C., Ji, L., Xia, D., Zhao, X., M. Greven: arXiv:1603.08839 (2016)
  27. 27.
    Kharkov, Y. A., Sushkov, O.P.: arXiv:1604.01499 (2016)

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Physics and Earth SciencesUniversity of LeipzigLeipzigGermany
  2. 2.Walther Meissner Institute for Low Temperature ResearchGarchingGermany

Personalised recommendations