Zero-Bias Shapiro Steps in Asymmetric Pinning Nanolandscapes

  • O. V. Dobrovolskiy
  • V. V. Sosedkin
  • R. Sachser
  • V. A. Shklovskij
  • R. V. Vovk
  • M. Huth
Original Paper
  • 95 Downloads

Abstract

The coherent nonlinear dynamics of Abrikosov vortices in asymmetric pinning nanolandscapes is studied by theoretical modeling and combined microwave and dc electrical resistance measurements. The problem is considered on the basis of a single-vortex Langevin equation within the framework of a stochastic model of anisotropic pinning. When the distance over which Abrikosov vortices are driven during one half ac cycle coincides with one or a multiple of the nanostructure period, Shapiro steps appear in the current-voltage curves (CVCs) as a general feature of systems whose evolution in time can be described in terms of a particle moving in a periodic potential under combined dc and ac stimuli. While a dc voltage appears in response to the ac drive, the addition of a dc bias allows one to diminish the rectified voltage and eventually to change its sign when the extrinsic dc bias-induced asymmetry of the pinning potential starts to dominate the intrinsic one. This rectified negative voltage in the CVCs becomes apparent as zero-bias Shapiro steps, which are theoretically predicted and experimentally observed for the first time.

Keywords

Shapiro steps Nonlinear vortex dynamics Washboard pinning potential Ratchet reversal Combined microwave and dc electrical resistance measurements 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Goethe UniversityFrankfurt am MainGermany
  2. 2.V. Karazin National UniversityKharkivUkraine

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