Advertisement

Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 29, Issue 10, pp 2487–2494 | Cite as

Surface Morphology of Cerium Oxide Layer and its Effect on the Performance of Superconducting Layer

  • BinBin Wang
  • LinFei Liu
  • Xiang Wu
  • YanJie Yao
  • MengLin Wang
  • SaiDan Lu
  • YiJie LiEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

So far, huge progress has been achieved in coated superconductor wires with high performance, where cerium oxides (CeO2) usually figure as superior buffer layer. However, the influence of CeO2 layer’s surface morphology on the performance of YBCO layer is still illusive. In this work, we fabricated CeO2 layers with similar texture and diverse surface characteristics by altering process parameters on IBAD-MgO substrate and then deposited YBCO layers on these CeO2 layers by a reel-to-reel pulsed laser deposition (PLD) system. The abnormal relationship between the quality of YBCO layer and the surface morphology of CeO2 layer was investigated. Instead of texture quality, the critical current density of YBCO-coated layer is highly susceptible to the surface morphology of CeO2 layer, once their surface roughness root mean square (RMS) outstrips the threshold of atomic flat. And our study indicates RMS and flat area fraction are all key issues for PLD epitaxial multilayers but play in different priority. The possible defect formation process of YBCO/CeO2 was also discussed on the basis of the SEM images.

Keywords

Cerium oxides Thin film Superconductor Morphology Critical current density YBCO 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Republic of China ITER project (Grant 2011GB113004) and 863 project (Grant 2014AA032402), the Shanghai Commission of Science and Technology (Grants 11DZ1100402 and 13DZ0500100), and Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants 11204174 and 51372150).

References

  1. 1.
    Solutions, S.: Basic Research Needs for Superconductivity. In: Workshop on Superconductivity May, vol. 8, p 11 (2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Larbalestier, D., Gurevich, A., Feldmann, D.M., Polyanskii, A.: High-tc superconducting materials for electric power applications. Nature 414(6861), 368–377 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Foltyn, S.R., Civale, L., MacManus-Driscoll, J.L., Jia, Q.X., Maiorov, B., Wang, H., Maley, M.: Materials science challenges for high-temperature superconducting wire. Nat. Mater. 6, 631–642 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wu, X.D., Dye, R.C., Muenchausen, R.E., Foltyn, S.R., Maley, M., Rollett, A.D., Nogar, N.S.: Epitaxial CeO2 films as buffer layers for high-temperature superconducting thin films. Appl. Phys. Lett. 58(19), 2165–2167 (1991)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Donet, S., Weiss, F., Chaudouet, P., Beauquis, S., Abrutis, A., Freyhardt, H.C., Usokin, A., Selbmann, D., Eickemeyer, J., Jimenez, C., Bruzek, C.E., Saugrain, J.M.: Reel-to-reel MOCVD for YBCO coated conductor. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 13, 2524 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Balakrishnan, G., Sudhakara, P., Wasy, A., Ho, H.S., Shin, K.S., Song, J.I.: Epitaxial growth of cerium oxide thin films by pulsed laser deposition. Thin Solid Films 546, 467–471 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhang, Y., Feng, F., Rongxia, H., Shi, K., Xiao, S., Wu, W., Qu, T., Wang, X., Han, Z.: Strain evolution and morphological transition of magnetron-sputtered CeO 2 thin films induced by deposition parameters. Curr. Appl. Phys. 14(3), 275–281 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bhuiyan, M.S., Paranthaman, M., Sathyamurthy, S., Aytug, T., Kang, S., Lee, D.F., Goyal, A., Payzant, E.A., Salama, K.: Approach for the growth of epitaxial CeO2 buffer layers on biaxially textured Ni–W substrates for YBCO coated conductors. Supercond. Sci. Tech. 16(11), 1305 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Engel, S., Knoth, K., Hühne, R., Schultz, L., Holzapfel, B.: An all chemical solution deposition approach for the growth of highly textured CeO2 cap layers on La2Zr2O7-buffered long lengths of biaxially textured Ni–W substrates for YBCO-coated conductors. Supercond. Sci. Tech. 18(10), 1385 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Obradors, X., Puig, T., Pomar, A., Sandiumenge, F., Mestres, N., Coll, M., Cavallaro, A., Roma, N., Gazquez, J., Gonzalez, J.C., Castano, O., Gutierrez, J., Palau, A., Zalamova, K., Morlens, S., Hassini, A., Gibert, M., Ricart, S., Moreto, J.M., Pinol, S., Isfort, D., Bock, J.: Progress towards all-chemical superconducting YBa2Cu3O7-coated conductors. superconductor. Supercond. Sci. Tech., 19 (2006)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhang, Y., Feng, F., Shi, K., Lu, H., Xiao, S., Wu, W., Huang, R., Qu, T., Wang, X., Wang, Z., Han, Z.: Surface morphology evolution of CeO 2/YSZ (001) buffer layers fabricated via magnetron sputtering. Appl. Surf. Sci. 284, 150–154 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Xu, D., Liu, L., Wang, Y., Zhu, S., Zhu, P., Li, Y.: Influence of CeO2-cap layer on the texture and critical current density of YBCO film. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 25, 197–200 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mihalache, V., Stefan, N., Enculescu, I., Mihailescu, I.N., Socol, M., Miroi, M.: The influence of the microstructure and morphology of CeO2 buffer layer on the properties of YBCO films PLD grown on Ni tape. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 27(11), 2475–2485 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Arendt, P.N., Foltyn, S.R.: Biaxially textured IBAD-mgo templates for YBCO-coated conductors. Mrs Bull. 29, 543–550 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Develos-Bagarinao, K., Yamasaki, H., Nakagawa, Y., Nie, J.C., Sohma, M., Kumagai, T.: Comparative studies of nanostructural and morphological evolution of CeO2 thin films induced by high-temperature annealing. Nanotechnology 18(16), 165605 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Coll, M., Pomar, A., Puig, T., Obradors, X.: Atomically flat surface: the key issue for solution-derived epitaxial multilayers. Appl. Phys. Express., 1 (2008)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • BinBin Wang
    • 1
  • LinFei Liu
    • 1
  • Xiang Wu
    • 1
  • YanJie Yao
    • 1
  • MengLin Wang
    • 1
  • SaiDan Lu
    • 1
  • YiJie Li
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Key laboratory of Artificial Structures and Quantum Control, Ministry of Education, Department of Physics and AstronomyShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations