Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 29, Issue 10, pp 2487–2494 | Cite as

Surface Morphology of Cerium Oxide Layer and its Effect on the Performance of Superconducting Layer

  • BinBin Wang
  • LinFei Liu
  • Xiang Wu
  • YanJie Yao
  • MengLin Wang
  • SaiDan Lu
  • YiJie LiEmail author
Original Paper


So far, huge progress has been achieved in coated superconductor wires with high performance, where cerium oxides (CeO2) usually figure as superior buffer layer. However, the influence of CeO2 layer’s surface morphology on the performance of YBCO layer is still illusive. In this work, we fabricated CeO2 layers with similar texture and diverse surface characteristics by altering process parameters on IBAD-MgO substrate and then deposited YBCO layers on these CeO2 layers by a reel-to-reel pulsed laser deposition (PLD) system. The abnormal relationship between the quality of YBCO layer and the surface morphology of CeO2 layer was investigated. Instead of texture quality, the critical current density of YBCO-coated layer is highly susceptible to the surface morphology of CeO2 layer, once their surface roughness root mean square (RMS) outstrips the threshold of atomic flat. And our study indicates RMS and flat area fraction are all key issues for PLD epitaxial multilayers but play in different priority. The possible defect formation process of YBCO/CeO2 was also discussed on the basis of the SEM images.


Cerium oxides Thin film Superconductor Morphology Critical current density YBCO 



This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Republic of China ITER project (Grant 2011GB113004) and 863 project (Grant 2014AA032402), the Shanghai Commission of Science and Technology (Grants 11DZ1100402 and 13DZ0500100), and Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants 11204174 and 51372150).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • BinBin Wang
    • 1
  • LinFei Liu
    • 1
  • Xiang Wu
    • 1
  • YanJie Yao
    • 1
  • MengLin Wang
    • 1
  • SaiDan Lu
    • 1
  • YiJie Li
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Key laboratory of Artificial Structures and Quantum Control, Ministry of Education, Department of Physics and AstronomyShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

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