The Magnetic and Magnetocaloric Properties of Pr1−x Bi x MnO3 (x = 0.2 and 0.4) Manganites

  • K. SbissiEmail author
  • M. L. Kahn
  • M. Ellouze
  • E. K. Hlil
  • F. Elhalouani


The magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of Pr1−x Bi x MnO3 (x = 0.2 and 0.4) nanocrystalline manganites have been studied systematically. Samples were prepared using the Pechini sol–gel method. The variation of the magnetization as a function of temperature and applied magnetic field were carried out. Magnetic measurements show that all the materials exhibit a paramagnetic–ferromagnetic transition when the temperature decreases. Magnetocaloric effect has been calculated in terms of isothermal magnetic entropy change. A large magnetocaloric effect has been observed, the maximum entropy change, \({\Delta S}_{\mathrm {M}}^{\text {max}}\)¦reaches 0.7 and 2.1 J kg−1 K−1 under a magnetic applied field of 5 T with an RCP values of 183 J kg−1 for Pr0.8Bi0.2MnO3 sample. These perovskites have the large magnetic entropy changes induced by low magnetic field change, which is beneficial for the household application of active magnetic refrigerant (AMR) materials.


Pechini sol–gel Manganites Magnetocaloric effect Relative cooling power (RCP) 



This study has been supported by the Tunisian Ministry of Scientific Research and Technology, Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry Toulouse and the Neel Institute. This research was also supported by the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CNRS.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Sbissi
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. L. Kahn
    • 2
  • M. Ellouze
    • 3
  • E. K. Hlil
    • 4
  • F. Elhalouani
    • 1
  1. 1.National Engineering School of SfaxUniversity of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  2. 2.Laboratory of Coordination ChemistryToulouseFrance
  3. 3.Faculty of SciencesSfax UniversitySfaxTunisia
  4. 4.Institute NéelCNRS et Université Joseph FourierGrenobleFrance

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