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An Analysis of the Relationship Between Religiosity and Psychological Well-Being in Chilean Older People Using Structural Equation Modeling

Abstract

Using a representative sample, we explored the relationship of organizational (ORA), non-organizational (NORA), and intrinsic religiosity (IR) with depressive and anxious symptomatology and loneliness in Chilean older people, and examined mediating mechanisms. Structural Equation Modeling showed a direct effect between ORA and reduced depressive symptomatology and between IR and anxious symptomatology; for indirect effects, the relationship between ORA and depressive and anxious symptomatology was mediated by friends’ social support network, while that between IR and the three outcomes studied was mediated by the family support network and resilience. NORA was not associated with any of the outcomes or mediating variables.

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Funding

This work was supported by the Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica [Fondecyt Inicio No 11180287].

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All authors contributed to the development of the study and performed the analysis statistical and wrote the first draft of the manuscript and commented on previous versions of the final manuscript and approved the final version.

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Correspondence to M. Beatriz Fernández.

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Fernández, M.B., Rosell, J. An Analysis of the Relationship Between Religiosity and Psychological Well-Being in Chilean Older People Using Structural Equation Modeling. J Relig Health (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-021-01442-z

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Keywords

  • Religiosity
  • Psychological well-being
  • Social networks
  • Resilience
  • Older people