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Spirituality, Religiosity and Coping Strategies Among Spanish People Diagnosed with Cancer


The present study evaluates the influence of spirituality/religiosity (S/R) on the coping strategies used by people with cancer (breast and prostate) compared with those without cancer, in a sample of 445 Spanish participants (160 with cancer and 285 without). Significant interactions between the presence of cancer and S/R are observed in the use of coping strategies such as religion, humor and disconnection. Spirituality as a predictor variable through the use of religion as a strategy, increased the explanatory capacity of age by 58.9% (β = .794) while praying/talking to God predicts the use of this strategy with a β = .383. In people with cancer, active coping was predicted by spirituality (β = .327). However, spirituality was a negative predictor of maladaptive coping, with a beta coefficient equal to .383. The data suggest that patients’ beliefs need to be considered by health care professionals when designing interventions.

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All authors made significant contributions to the study design, acquisition of data, drafting of the article and final approval of the article.

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Correspondence to F. Arbinaga.

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The authors report no conflicts of interest. The authors alone are responsible for the content and writing of the paper.

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Approved by the Andalusian Ethics Committee of Biomedical Research (Evaluation Committee of Huelva. Internal Code: 1113 N-16).

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All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and the Declaration of Helsinki of 1975, revised in 2013.

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Arbinaga, F., Mendoza-Sierra, M.I., Bohórquez, M.R. et al. Spirituality, Religiosity and Coping Strategies Among Spanish People Diagnosed with Cancer. J Relig Health 60, 2830–2848 (2021).

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