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Amanah and Muslim Identity: Relationships with Religious and Psychological Adjustment in Malaysia


Amanah refers to the accountability of Muslims to their community. In Malaysian Muslim university students (N = 209), an Amanah Scale predicted a stronger sense of identity along with more adaptive religious and psychosocial functioning. Multiple regression analyses identified Accountability to Society as especially influential, but Accountability to Allah exhibited at least some problematic implications. Amanah mediated Identity linkages with some measures of religious and psychological adjustment, but also suppressed Identity relationships with greater self-knowledge and lower anxiety. These data confirmed the importance of communal commitments in Muslim mental health, suggested that accountability may have limited liabilities as well as more obvious psychosocial advantages, and identified possible complexities in the assessment of Accountability to Allah.

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Correspondence to P. J. Watson.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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All procedures performed in this study involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Tekke, M., Watson, P.J., Kayadibi, S. et al. Amanah and Muslim Identity: Relationships with Religious and Psychological Adjustment in Malaysia. J Relig Health 59, 891–904 (2020).

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  • Amanah
  • Identity
  • Muslim personality adjustment
  • Malaysia
  • Religious orientations