Advertisement

Comparison of Attitudes Toward Death Between University Students Who Receive Nursing Education and Who Receive Religious Education

  • Ayse Berivan Bakan
  • Senay Karadag Arli
Original Paper

Abstract

This study aims to compare attitudes toward death between university students who receive nursing education and who receive religious education. This study is cross-sectional in nature. It was conducted with the participation of 197 university students in a university located in the Eastern part of Turkey between June and August, 2017. Data were collected using the socio-demographic form and Turkish form of Death Attitudes Profile-Revised. Of all the students participating in the study, 52.8% received nursing education and 47.2% received religious education. It was found that majority of both groups had no education about death, or found the education they received insufficient. Besides, no significant differences were found between the students who received nursing education and who received religious education in terms of their attitudes toward death (p > 0.05). Results showed that students who received nursing education and who received religious education had similar attitudes toward death. In conclusion, the education given to students about the religious or health aspects of death in accordance with the curriculum seemed to have no effects on students’ developing positive attitudes toward death.

Keywords

Attitudes toward death Health Religion 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank all participants for engaging in this study. No financial support was received by any of the authors for the research of this article. The authors are grateful to Duygu Ispinar for proofreading the manuscript.

References

  1. Aksu, T., & Okçay, H. (2010). Yaşam dönemlerine göre ölüm algısı ve hemşirelik yaklaşımı. Fırat Sağlık Hizmetleri Dergisi, 5, 113–126.Google Scholar
  2. Asadpour, M., Sabzevari, L., Ekramifar, A., & Bidaki, R. (2016). The attitude of medical students toward death: A cross-sectional study in Rafsanjan. Indian Journal of Palliative Care, 22(3), 354–361.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Bilge, A., Embel, N., & Kaya, F. G. (2013). The attitudes of the students who will become madicalcare professional against the death and the relations with these attitudes and their death anxieties and the variables which affect attitudes. Journal of Psychiatric Nursing, 4(3), 119–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Braun, M., Gordon, D., & Uziely, B. (2010). Associations between oncology nurses’ attitudes toward death and caring for dying patients. Oncology Nursing Forum, 37(1), 43–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Donmez, C. F., & Yilmaz, M. (2012). The concept of death as understood by dialysis patients and nephrology nurses and the role of the nurses in helping patients cope with death. Journal of Psychiatric Nursing, 3(3), 141–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Frommelt, K. H. M. (2003). Attitudes toward care of the terminally ill: an educational intervention. American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, 20, 13–22.  https://doi.org/10.1177/104990910302000108.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Gibbons, C., Dempster, M., & Moutray, M. (2010). Stress, coping and satisfaction in nursing students. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 67(3), 621–632.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05495.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Gillan, P. C., van der Riet, P. J., & Jeong, S. (2014). End of life care education, past and present: A review of the literature. Nurse Education Today, 34(3), 331–342.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Göris, S., Taşcı, S., Özkan, B., Ceyhan, Ö., Kartın, P. T., Çeliksoy, A., et al. (2017). Effect of terminal patient care training on the nurses’ attitudes toward death in an oncology hospital in Turkey. Journal of Cancer Education, 32(1), 65–71.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Gulanik, M., & Myers, J. (2007). Death and dying: End life issues. Nursing care plans nursing diagnosis and intervention (6th ed., pp. 1131–1140). New York: Mosby & Elsevier Company.Google Scholar
  11. Gurdogan, E. P., Kurt, D., Aksoy, B., Kınıcı, E., & Şen, A. (2017). Nurses’ perceptions of spiritual care and attitudes toward the principles of dying with dignity: A sample from Turkey. Death Studies, 41(3), 180–187.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Henoch, I., Browall, M., Melin-Johansson, C., Danielson, E., Udo, C., Sundler, A. J., et al. (2014). The Swedish version of the Frommelt Attitude Toward Care of the Dying Scale: Aspects of validity and factors influencing nurses’ and nursing students’ attitudes. Cancer Nursing, 37(1), E1–E11.  https://doi.org/10.1097/NCC.0b013e318279106b.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. İnci, F., & Öz, F. (2009). Ölüm eğitiminin hemşirelerin ölüm kaygısı, ölüme ilişkin depresyon ve ölümcül hastaya tutumlarına etkisi. Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi, 10, 253–260.Google Scholar
  14. Işık, E., Fadıloğlu, Ç., & Demir, Y. (2009). A study of the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of death attitude profile-revised (DAP-R) in the nurse population. Hemşirelikte Araştırma Geliştirme Dergisi, 11(2), 28–43.Google Scholar
  15. Jo, K., Doorenbos, A. Z., & An, G. J. (2009). Effect of an end-of-life care education program among Korean nurses. Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing, 11(4), 230–238.  https://doi.org/10.1097/NJH.0b013e3181aada60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Johnson, A., Chang, E., & O’Brien, L. (2009). Nursing the dying: a descriptive survey of Australian undergraduate nursing curricula. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 15, 417–425.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-172X.2009.01790.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Liu, Y. C., Su, P. Y., Chen, C. H., Chiang, H. H., Wang, K. Y., & Tzeng, W. C. (2011). Facing death, facing self: nursing students’ emotional reactions during an experiential workshop on life-and-death issues. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20(5–6), 856–863.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Marcysiak, M., & Dabrowska, O. (2013). Acceptance of death as a life attitude for nurses and nursing students. Progress in Health Sciences, 3(1), 104–110.Google Scholar
  19. Mohammad, O., Hasheesh, A., AboZeid, S. A., El-Said, S. H., & Alhujaili, A. D. (2013). Nurses’ characteristics and their attitudes toward death and caring for dying patients in a public hospital in Jordan. Health Science Journal, 7(4), 384–394.Google Scholar
  20. Neimeyer, R. A., Moser, R. P., & Wittkowski, J. (2003). Assessing attitudes toward dying and death: Psychometric considerations. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 47(1), 45–76.Google Scholar
  21. Rillo, A. G., Martínez-Carrillo, B. E., Ramírez, M. L. P., Guzmán, M. E. A., & Cortes, E. J. D. (2017). Death attitude profile and dissection of the human cadaver: An study in medical students of Mexico. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, 6(4), 30–39.Google Scholar
  22. Rooda, L. A., Clements, R., & Jordan, M. L. (1999). Nurses’ attitudes toward death and caring for dying patients. Oncology Nursing Forum, 26(10), 1683–1687.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Sharma, S., Monsen, R. B., & Gary, B. (1997). Comparison of attitudes toward death and dying among nursing majors and other college students. Omega, 34, 219–232.Google Scholar
  24. Williams, C. M., Wilson, C. C., & Olsen, C. H. (2005). Dying, death, and medical education: Student voices. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 8(2), 372–381.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Wong, P. T. P., Reker, G. T., & Gesser, G. (1994). Death Attitude Profile-Revised: A multidimensional measure of attitudes toward death. In R. A. Neimeyer (Ed.), Death anxiety handbook: Research, instrumentation, and application (pp. 121–148). Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  26. Yilmaz, E., & Vermişli, S. (2015). Attitudes of nurses who work in intensive care units towards death and caring for dying people. CBU-SBED Celal Bayar Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 2(2), 41–46.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NursingAgri Ibrahim Cecen University School of HealthAgrıTurkey

Personalised recommendations