Incorporating Islamic Creed into Islamic Counselling Process: A Guideline to Counsellors

  • Norazlina Zakaria
  • Noor Shakirah Mat Akhir
Philosophical Exploration


This article is a concept paper that reviewed the main principles of Islamic creed (aqīdah) related to counselling. Islamic creed has been regarded as the root of Islam; thus, it should be the fundamental composition of Islamic counselling. The objectives of this review are to demonstrate the relationship between counselling and Islamic creed and to establish a guideline for the practitioners of Islamic counselling when consulting with their clients in matters related to creed. The review was conducted by suggesting methods to incorporate Islamic creed into three stages of counselling process. The major references for this review were the verses in the Qurān, the Prophet Tradition (hadith) and literatures on Islamic counselling. This review revealed that there is a strong relationship between counselling and Islamic creed and there are six aspects of Islamic creed associated to counselling that should be observed by the Islamic counselling practitioners.


Islam Aqidah Creed Islamic counselling Multicultural Guidelines 



This study was funded by Fundamental Research Grant Scheme, Ministry of Education Malaysia Number 203/PHUMANITI/6711395.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Norazlina Zakaria declares that she has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with animals or human participants performed by any of the authors.


  1. Abdul Malek, N. A. (1992). Konsep Manusia Menurut Pandangan Islam: Satu Pemikiran Ke Arah Pembentukan Teori Kaunseling Islam (The concept of human being according to the Islamic perspective: A thought towards developing an Islamic counselling theory). Kuala Lumpur: Arena Ilmu.Google Scholar
  2. Abdullah, S. (2007). Islam and counselling: ‘Models of practice in Muslim communal life’. Journal of Pastoral Counselling, 42, 42–55.Google Scholar
  3. Abdullah, S. F., & Salim, S. (2014). The role and challenges of Selangor islamic affairs council (MAIS) in managing issues related to newly converted muslims. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 8(16), 235–239.Google Scholar
  4. Al-Bukhāri, M. I. (1997). Saḥih Bukhāri. Translated by Muhammad Khan. Riyadh: DarussalamGoogle Scholar
  5. Alias, A. (2009). Human nature. In N. M. Noor (Ed.), Psychology from an Islamic perspective: A guide to teaching and learning (pp. 79–117). Gombak: IIUM Press.Google Scholar
  6. Al-Mas’ūd, A. A. (1411H). Al-Amr Bi Al-Ma’ruf Wa Al-Nahy ‘An Al-Munkar Wa Āthāruhuma Fi Ḥifz Al-Ummah. Riyādh: Dar Al-Waṭan.Google Scholar
  7. Al-Tirmidhi, M. I. (2007). Jāmi‘ Al-Tirmidhi, Translated By Abu Khalyil. Riyadh: Dārussalam.Google Scholar
  8. Dein, S., & Illaiee, A. S. (2013). Jinn and mental health: Looking at Jinn possession in modern psychiatric practice. The Psychiatrist, 37, 290–293. doi: 10.1192/Pb.Bp.113.042721.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hamdan, A. (2007). A case study of a muslim client: Incorporating religious beliefs and practices. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 35(2), 92–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hamjah, S. N., & Mat Akhir, N. S. (2013). Islamic approach in counselling. Journal of Religion and Health, 53, 279–289. doi: 10.1007/S10943-013-9703-4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ibn Jawzi, A. R. (1425H). Ṣoid Al-Khātir, Riyadh: Maktabah Al-Rusyd.Google Scholar
  12. Ibrahim, I.M. 2001. Thaqāfah Al-Muslim Bayn Al-Aṣālah Wa Al-Taḥaddiyāt. Amman: Dār Al-‘Ammār.Google Scholar
  13. Idris, F., Suradi, N. R. M., Muhamad, S., Mastor, K. A., & Kasan, H. (2013). A path analysis approach on effects of faith-based behavior on religious delinquent behavior among youth. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, 8(1), 89–95. doi: 10.3923/Rjasci.2013.89.95.Google Scholar
  14. Inayat, Q. (2001). The relationship between integrative and islamic counselling. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 14(4), 381–386. doi: 10.1080/09515070110101478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jafari, M. F. (1992). Counselling values and objectives: A comparison of western and islamic perspectives’. Paper presented at The National Seminar on Islamic Counselling, Selangor, Malaysia, 17 December 1992.Google Scholar
  16. Johansen, T. M. (2005). Applying individual psychology to work with clients of the Islamic faith. The Journal of Individual Psychology, 61(2), 174–184.Google Scholar
  17. Keshavarzi, H., & Haque, A. (2013). Outlining a psychotherapy model for enhancing muslim mental health within an Islamic context. The International Journal for The Psychology of Religion, 23(3), 230–249. doi: 10.1080/10508619.2012.712000.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Muhammad, H. (2012). Muslim mental health: Considerations for psychotherapy and counselling. A literature review presented to the faculty of the adler graduate school in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of master of arts in adlerian counselling and psychotherapy.Google Scholar
  19. Raba, A. R., & Othman, A. H. (1998). Toward islamization of guidance and counselling. Jurnal PERKAMA, Bil.7, Sabah: Persatuan Kaunseling Malaysia.Google Scholar
  20. Radzi, H. M., Ramly, L. Z., Sipon, S., & Othman, K. (2014). The influence of god consciousness and religiosity in coping with anxiety at workplace among Malaysian Muslim professionals. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 4(4), 316–320. doi: 10.7763/IJSSH.2014.V4.371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Rassool, G. H. (2000). The crescent and Islam: Healing, nursing and the spiritual dimension. Some considerations towards an understanding of the Islamic perspectives on caring. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 32(6), 1476–1484. doi: 10.1046/J.1365-2648.2000.01614.X.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Scull, N. C., Khullar, N., Al-Awadhi, N., & Erheim, R. (2014). A qualitative study of the perceptions of mental health care in Kuwait. International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, 3(4), 284–299. doi: 10.1037/Ipp0000023.Google Scholar
  23. Tengku Kasim, T. S. A., & Che Husain, F. (2006). Pendekatan Kaunseling Dalam Dakwah Bagi Kesejahteraan Insan Dan Peradaban Ummah (Counselling approach in Islamic advocacy (Dakwah) towards the tranquillity of humanity and civilized nation). Jurnal Usuluddin, 23–24, 199–216.Google Scholar
  24. Weatherhead, S., & Anna Daiches, A. (2015). Key issues to consider in therapy with muslim families. Journal of Religion and Health. doi: 10.1007/S10943-015-0023-8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Yusoff, Y. M. (2011). Counselling and religious and spiritual values: A Malaysian study. A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy in counselling at the University of Waikato, New Zealand.Google Scholar
  26. Yusuf, Z. (1992). Bimbingan Kaunseling Di Malaysia Satu Tinjauan. (Guidance and counselling in Malaysia: An overview) Kuala Lumpur: Arena Ilmu Sdn. Bhd.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kulliyyah Usuluddin, Kolej Universiti InsaniahKuala Ketil, BalingMalaysia
  2. 2.School of HumanitiesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaPenangMalaysia

Personalised recommendations