Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 57, Issue 2, pp 636–648 | Cite as

Religious Affiliation, Religiosity, and Spirituality in Pediatric Residents: Effects on Communication and Self-Efficacy with Adolescents in a Clinical Setting

  • Jennifer L. WoodsEmail author
  • Devon J. Hensel
Original Paper


Religion and spirituality are known influences on medical providers’ care of patients, but no studies have assessed resident beliefs related to patient perception of clinical care. The main objective of our study was to assess resident religious affiliation, religiosity, and spirituality in relation to self-efficacy and communication with patients during adolescent clinic visits. We found that religious affiliation and religiosity appear to affect patient perception of communication with residents during adolescent visits; spirituality had little noted effect. Further research is warranted, especially regarding resident and patient gender correlations and differences in religious affiliation effects on patient perception of care.


Religiosity Religious affiliation Spirituality Communication 



Mr. Justin Bates and Frank M. Biro, MD, both of Cincinnati Children’s Hospital.


This research was funded by the Adolescent Medicine Research and Education Dollars (AMRED) at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Jennifer L. Woods and Devon J. Hensel have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Informed consent was obtained from all participants.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Section of Adolescent Medicine, Department of PediatricsChildren’s Hospital ColoradoAuroraUSA
  2. 2.Section of Adolescent MedicineIndiana University School of MedicineIndianapolisUSA

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